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  Haguro 羽黒
IJN
Myoko Class Heavy Cruiser

13,300 Tons
661' 9" x 68' x 20' 9"
10 x 203mm guns
6 x 120mm guns
8 x 127mm guns
2 x 13mm MG
12 x torpedo tubes
two seaplanes
Click For Enlargement
3rd BG Nov 2, 1943

Ship History
Built by Mitsubishi Shipbuilding at Nagasaki. Laid down on March 16, 1925. Launched March 24, 1928. Commissioned on April 25, 1929. Named after a mountain in Yamagata Prefecture. Officially designated HIJMS Haguro.

On October 22-24, 1930 Emperor Hirohito embarked aboard Haguro, spent the night, then transfers to Kirishima.

Haguro undergoes reconstruction at Sasebo Navy Yard and her original ten 200mm 50 cal Type 3 (No. 1) guns were replaced with 203mm guns (No. 2). Reconstruction is completed by June 29, 1936. A second reconstruction is completed at the Kure Naval Arsenal on April 28, 1941. Assigned to Captain M. Terado.

Wartime Service
On December 2, 1941 assigned to CruDiv 5 with Myoko and Nachi. On December 8, 1941 patriciated in "Operation M" the attack on the Southern Philippines, providing cover for the landings at Legaspi on December 11, 1941. Afterwards, to Palau during December 15-17. Next, covered the landing at Davao during December 19-20 and Jolo on December 24 then to Palau until December 29.

On December 31, returned to Davao. On January 4, 1942 attacked the US Navy anchorage at Malalag Bay off Davao Gulf. While anchored in Davao Gulf, a B-17 Flying Fortresses from Java bombed Haguro, but fail to cause any damage.

On January 9, then departs for "Operation H" the invasion of Celebes covering the landings at Menado and Kema on January 11-14 and Kendari on January 24. Two days later, USS Sailfish (SS-192) claims torpedo hits on Haguro, but the ship is not damaged.

On January 29-31 1942 depart Davao for Bangka Roads off Celebes to cover the landing at Ambon. Afterwards, supports the landings at Makassar February 5-10. Engaged the enemy off Makassar on February 8. Afterwards, landings at Dili and Kupang on February 17-20. Departs Staring Bay on February 24. Two days later, her E13 Jake is damaged being lifted after a mission and the pilot injured.

On February 27, 1942 participated in the Battle of the Java Sea and played a role in the sinking of HMS Exeter and HMS Encounter. On March 1, engaged in another action off southern Borneo.

PARTIAL LIST

On May 7, 1942 she participated in the Battle of the Coral Sea, and then took part in the battle of the Eastern Solomons on 24 August 1942. In late January 1943, assisted with the the Japanese evacuation from Cape Esperence on Guadalcanal.

PARTIAL LIST

During the morning of on November 2, 1943, lightly damaged and during the Battle of Empress Augusta Bay and withdrew to Simpson Harbor off Rabaul. During the 5th Air Force "Black Tuesday" attack against Rabaul, Haguro was undamaged during the raid. A B-25 Mitchell from the 3rd Bomb Group photograhed Haguro at low level.

PARTIAL LIST

On June 19, 1944 she survived the Battle of the Philippine Sea. On 23 October – on 25 October 1944 she took light damage during the Battle of Leyte Gulf, including damage to the No. 2 turret.

Sinking History
On May 16, 1945, at roughly 04-49N, 99-42E the the British destroyers have closed to 28,000 yards undetected and array themselves in a semi-circle. Spotting the British at 0100, Haguro begins zigzagging but enter the semi-circle trap, only 12,000 yards from the destroyers. Increasing their speed to 30 knots and turning to the north-west, the British destroyers pursue. At 0105, Haguro reverses course to the south-east

From only 6,000 yards between 0114 until 0202 the British destroyers open fire from all sides, and claim both gun and torpedo hits. Haguro returns fire hitting HMS Saumarez with an 200mm shell. Haguro was hit by gunfire and three Mark IX torpedoes, began to slow down and took a 30-degrees list to port. At 0232, Haguro sank bow first 55 miles west-south-west of Penang. 900 men die in the sinking including Vice Admiral Hashimoto and Rear Admiral Sugiura, posthumously promoted Vice Admiral.

Rescue
Kamikaze was lightly damaged and escaped to Penang before returning to the sinking location and rescued 320 members of the crew.

Shipwreck
On March 4, 2004 a group of divers off MV Empress including Kevin Denlay located Haguro at a depth of 220' / 67m 55 miles west-south-west of Penang. The shipwreck is upright, covered in trawler nets with her hull opposite her forward turrets buried in the seabed to about her original waterline, but this level gradually reduces until at the stern her outer propellers and shafts are actually up above the seabed.

Her foremast and the top half of the bridge structure are missing/collapsed. Her mainmast is collapsed. Her funnels are missing. British hits are visible in places. The bow section forward of No. 2 turret is decimated. The No. 1 turret and barbette are completely uprooted and now lay across the wreck, the rear of the turret on the starboard sea bed and the barrels pointing vertically towards the surface. Her No. 2 turret is trained to starboard at approximately the 1 o’clock position, with its roof collapsed and both barrels and breach blocks missing (not replaced after bomb damage at Leyte Gulf). The No. 3 turret's guns are askew and trained to the port quarter in the 8 o’clock position. Both her stern main turrets’ guns point almost directly astern. Just behind the No. 5 turret, the wreck is broken completely in half, although the stern section is still partially attached and heavily damaged on the port side.

References
IJN Haguro: Tabular Record of Movement
Explorers Club Expedition Operation Dukedom 2010 EC Flag 52 Report [PDF]
Thanks to Kevin Denlay for additional information

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Last Updated
February 4, 2018

 

Map
04-49N
99-42E

SCUBA
220' / 67m

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