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    Empress Augusta Bay Bougainville Province Papua New Guinea (PNG)
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USMC Nov 1, 1943

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USN November 1943

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David Paulley 1982

Location
Empress Augusta Bay is located on the western coast of Bougainville Island, spanning from Cape Torokina to Mutupina Point and Gazelle Harbor. Visible to the east is the cone of volcano Mount Bagana. Empress Augusta Bay includes Torokina Island and Puruata Island. The southern edge of Empress Augusta Bay is defined by Mutupina Point and includes Gazelle Harbor.

Wartime History
During early 1942 occupied by the Japanese and used as an anchorage and barge staging area. Attacked by Allied aircraft during late 1943 until early 1944.

American missions against Empress Augusta Bay
November 1, 1943 - March 30, 1944

On November 1, 1943 a US Navy task force Task Force 39 (TF-39) commanded by Rear Admiral Merrill covered the Allied landing, including four light cruisers: USS Montpelier, USS Cleveland, USS Columbia, and USS Denver, plus eight destroyers USS Charles Ausburne, USS Dyson, USS Stanly, USS Claxton, USS Spence, USS Thatcher, USS Converse, and USS Foote

The landing force included USS Cresent City, USS American Legion, USS Alchiba, USS Hunder Liggett, USS Titania, USS Libra, USS President Hayes, USS President Jackson, USS George Olymer APA-27, USS Alkenaa and USS President Adams.

LCVP and LCI landing craft landed the United States Marine Corps (USMC), 3rd Marine Division from Koromokina Lagoon to Cape Torokina. The pounding surf was very rough and 84 landing craft (62 LCVPs and 22 LCIs) broached during the landings. Four were sunk by a Japanese 75mm gun.

Battle of Empress Augusta Bay
During the night of November 2, 1943 US Navy Task Force 39 (TF-39) commanded by Rear Admiral Merrill intercepted a Japanese Naval force sent to attack the American landing force in Empress Augusta Bay. The Battle off Empress Augusta Bay results in the sinking a Japanese cruiser and a destroyer, the remainder of the force turned back.

USS McKean (APD-5)
Sunk by Japanese aircraft on November 17, 1943

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Last Updated
March 11, 2018

 

Map
Map
Nov 1, 1943

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