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Wartime History
Japan was at war with China during the Sino Japanese War and Second Sino Japanese War and engaged in the Pacific War during 1941-1945. During 1944-1945, Japan was heavily bombed by American aircraft including B-29 Superfortresses and other Allied carrier and land based aircraft. Postwar, under the terms of the San Francisco Peace Treaty in 1951 Japan gave up sovereignty of the Kurile Islands (Kuril) to the Soviet Union.

Japanese Islands
Honshū Island  main and is the largest central island of Japan.
Kyūshū Island  located in southern Japan.
Shikoku Island  located in southern Japan, includes four provinces.
Hokkaidō Island  located in the north of Japan.
Ryukyu Island Group (Ryukyu Islands, Nansei Islands)
Okinawa Island  located in southern Japan, largest island in Okinawa Prefecture.
Ie Shima (Iejima)  located three miles west of Okinawa Island.
Kouri Island (Kouri Jima)  located in southern Japan Okinawa Prefecture.
Amami Islands  (Amami Guntō)
Amami Ōshima (Amami-O-Shima)  largest island in the Amami Island Group.
Kikai Jima  island in the Amami Island Group.
Kikaiga-shima  located in the Amami Island Group.
Tokuno  located in the Amami Island Group.
Kerama Island Group
Kerama Island Group (Kerama Retto)  island chain 15 miles west of the southwestern tip of Okinawa.
Tokashiki Island  borders Kerama Anchorage.
Zamami Island  borders Kerama Anchorage.
Amuro Island  borders Kerama Anchorage.
Sakishima Island Group (Sakishima Islands)
Miyako Island Group (Miyako Islands)
Yaeyama Island Group (Yaeyama Islands)

Iriomote Jima  located in the Yaeyama Islands in the Sakishima Islands.
Sonai  located on the northwestern coast of Iriomote Jima.
Bonin Island Group (Bonin Islands)
Bonin Islands (Ogasawara Islands)  includes Father Island Group, Mother Island Group and Volcano Island.
Father Island Group (Father Islands)
Chi Chi Jima (Father Island, Ogasawara)  located in the Bonin Islands.
Chi Chi Jima Harbor  borders Chi Chi Jima Island.
Mother Island Group (Mother Islands)
Haha Jima (Mother Island)  located in the Bonin Islands.
Okimura (Oki)  located on the west central portion of Haha Jima.
Volcano Island Group (Volcano Islands)
North Iwo Jima (Kita Iwo Jima)  located to the north of Iwo Jima.
Iwo Jima (Iwo To)  known as sulfur island in Japanese, USMC landing on February 19, 1945.
Minami-Tori-shima
Marcus Island (Minamitorishima)  easternmost Japanese island.
Kurile Island Group (Kurile slands, Kuril, Chishima-Rettō)
Kurile Island Group (Kurile slands, Kuril, Chishima-Rettō)  island chain to the north of Japan.

Japan Regions
Chūbu Region (Chubu Region) located on Honshu

Japan Prefectures
Okinawa Prefecture  Ryukyu Islands (Nansei Shoto) island chain in southern Japan
Hokkaidō Prefecture  located in the north of Japan.
Hyogo Prefecture  located in the Kansai Region of Honshu and includes Awaji Island.
Japan Subprefectures
Ogasawara Subprefecture  Bonin Islands (Ogasawara) Father Islands, Mother Islands and Volcano Islands.
Shikoku Island
Ehime Prefecture  located in the southwestern portion of Shikoku Island.
Kagawa Prefecture  located in the northern portion of Shikoku Island.
Kōchi Prefecture  located on Shikoku Island.
Tokushima Prefecture  located on Shikoku Island.

Japan Bodies of Water
Bungo Strait  connects the Pacific and Inland Sea between Kyushu and Shikoku.
Seto Inland Sea (Inland Sea)  seporates Honshu, Kyushu and Shikoku.

 

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Last Updated
October 1, 2017

 

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