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    Keibitai Headquarters at Rabaul East New Britain Province PNG

Location
The Rabaul Navy POW Compound located at the W. R. Carpenters building on Malaguna Avenue at Rabaul in East New Britain Province (ENBP) in Papua New Guinea (PNG). Also known as the "81st Naval Guard Unit POW Camp" or "Keibitai POW Camp" or "Japanese Navy POW Camp at Rabaul" or "Navy POW Camp Rabaul".

Prewar
This building was the W. R. Carpenters building, the company headquarters and trade store serving Rabaul.

Wartime History
During January 1942, occupied by the Japanese. Immediately, this building became the headquarters for Keibitai (Naval Special Police) of the Imperial Japanese Navy (IJN), 8th Base Force (Eighth Base Force) 81st Naval Guard Unit (81st Naval Garrison Unit).

During early 1942 Allied Prisoners Of War (POW) were detained at this location until the the Japanese Army Kempeitai Rabaul Prisoner Compound (Rabaul POW Prison) was established in early 1943.

Allied prisoners detained by the Keibitai at this location were beaten and interrogated harshly. They were given very little food and no medical treatment.

During 1942-1945, the Keibitai at Rabaul was responsible for many war crimes and prisoner executions. On January 14, 1944 a group of seventeen prisoners were taken from the camp an executed and buried in a mass grave on Matupi Island in a killing that became known as the "Matupi Island Massacre".

Only a few prisoners who were transfered to the Japanese Army Kempeitai (military police) at Rabaul or were transported to Japan and survived the Pacific War. The rest of the prisoners detained by the Keibitai were either executed or died in captivity.

Known Prisoners Of War detained by the Keibitai 81st Naval Guard Unit at Rabaul
2nd Lt. Jack K. Wisener, O-662327 (POW, survived) bombardier B-17F "Georgia Peach 41-24454 crashed June 13, 1943. Detained by the 81st Naval Guard Unit beaten and interrogated repeatedly. Later, he was transported to Japan and survived the Pacific War.

2nd Lt. John A. Bailey, O-797952 (POW / MIA / KIA) co-pilot B-25C Mitchell 42-32255 crashed November 23, 1943.

1st Lt. Ernest A. Naumann, O-427762 and SSgt Paul J. Cascio, Jr., 13072715 from B-17E "Texas #6" 41-9207 crashed June 1, 1943 arrived June 21, 1943. Both were tortured for information and denied food or medical care. Around November 12, 1943 Cascio was transported to Japan with a group of prisoners and survived captivity. On November 25, 1943 Naumann and eleven other Allied prisoners were taken from the POW camp to the outskirts of Rabaul and executed.

1st Lt. David S. Hunter, O-420600 pilot P-400 Airacobra crashed July 22, 1943 transfered to Rabaul early August 1942, executed August 31, 1942 at Matupi Island

1st Lt. Edward Albert Croker, O-14785 pilot TBF Avenger 06452 crashed September 16, 1943. Executed February 21, 1944.

The entire crew of Beaufort A9-244 ditched October 21, 1943 were captured and detained by the 81st Naval Guard Unit: F/Lt Geoffrey Hubert Vincent, 400866, W/O John Pretty Bailey, 4240, F/O Allan Mervyn Brown, 413955, F/O Charles William Vincent, 404757. On November 25, 1943 Vincent and Bailey were executed and buried in a mass grave on Matupi Island. On February 17, 1944 Brown was one of six prisoners transported to Japan and survived the war.

References (Rabaul)
The Siege of Rabaul by Henry Sakaida
Target Rabaul (81st Naval Garrison Unit) pages 52, 61, 64, 74, 241, 253, 255-256, 265, 295, 320, 363 (Appendix A - The Prisoners of Rabaul)
Thanks to Henry Sakaida and Edward Rogers for additional information.

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Last Updated
February 4, 2018

 

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