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Nathan G. Gordon
U. S. Navy PBY Catalina pilot and Medal of Honor Recipent

Medal of HonorIn memory: Nathan Gordon passed away on September 9, 2008

Lt. (jg) Nathan Gordon made four stall landings in his Black Cat PBY in rough waters of Kavieng harbor to collect ditched survivors of the strike. Coming under intense enemy fire, he and his crew located and picked up 15 Army fliers shot down during the attack. His actions on this day earned him the Medal of Honor. In 2003 Nate Gordon was interviewed by Pacific Wrecks.

Click For Enlargement
"Flight Out of Hell" by Nicholas Trudgian depicts PBY "Arkansas Traveler" 08139 after rescuing a B-25 crew

Enlistment
Click For EnlargementI was born September 4, 1916 in Morrilton, Arkansas. I enlisted in May 1941 and was in Jacksonville, Florida training until February 1942. Of course I remember December 7, 1941, it was a Sunday, and we had the day off. I was in Jacksonville watching a picture, when they cut into and said on a microphone "All Navy personal report to your base". Things started happening quickly of course Next, we went up to Norfolk, Virginia where we got our PBY planes and that is where I joined VP-34. We continued our training also.

Caribbean Convoy Protection
Next, we were sent down to the Caribbean. As you know, there were U-boats operating down there to protect the convoys by searching for submarines in day and mostly night missions. Our main base, where my crew was, was at Guantanamo Bay, Cuba, but we also had planes at Kingston, Jamaica, and Trujillo, Honduras. We never saw any U-boats, and no shipping was lost while we were down there, so maybe our efforts help to deter them somewhat.

Hawaii
June 7, 1943 our squadron was relieved of duties in the Caribbean and relocated to San Diego, were we got new planes, PBY-5's and flew them out to Kaneohe, Hawaii. From there, VP-34 was again split up. Three were sent on a big hush-hush mission. Later, we found out that those three planes were to follow Mrs. Eleanor Roosevelt on her flight to Australia in case they had problems and needed rescue or to be picked up. Six planes, including mine were sent to Midway. Five to Canton Island, and one at Johnston Island.

Midway
I was at Midway from June / July 1943 for six weeks flying daylight patrols to search for attacking Japanese ships. Of course, we never found any. It was a difficult mission because we had to maintain total radio silence

Funafuti
After Midway, we went down to Funafuti in August 1943 with six PBY's to fly patrols there. Before the invasion of Tarawa, were were to fly over the area in the three days prior to the invasion. I was assigned to fly on the 2nd night before the invasion. They had told me that the attack was not happening until the next morning, but when airborne we spotted a huge armada of ships. We could not tell if they were theirs or ours, but luckily we had on our IFF [International Friend or Foe] and did not have any problems. When we landed we learned that it was the invasion force!

Australia
Next, we went flew to Brisbane, and from there to Adelaide, and then across the continent to Perth in Western Australia arriving on September 29, 1943. We had a seaplane base just to the north of the city. We flew searches out of Perth and also did more training, before leaving in December 1943.

Anti-Shipping Strikes
For the next six months, we flew anti-shipping strikes against Japanese shipping to Rabaul in the Bismarck sea and along the coast. We were so slow, we had to fly at night. We would attack at mast-top height and drop 500lbs or 1,000lbs bombs. We would not fire our machine guns, so as not to give away our position.

VP-34 "Black Cats" Based at Samarai
Samarai Island located at the far eastern tip of New Guinea, near Milne Bay. By January 6, 1944 we were flying our first missions in New Guinea. We were called the " Black Cats". The nickname came from the flat black paint applied to the Catalinas and the nighttime strike missions we flew. Our insignia was a cat’s face with its jaws champing down on an enemy cargo vessel. On top of the cat’s head was a set of radio headphones and a ball cap. Across the top of the insignia was the legend Black Cats, and at the bottom VP-34, and Southwest Pacific. Most of my missions were flown in PBY "Arkansas Traveler" 08139.

Rescue Mission to Kavieng February 15, 1944
Of course, we had no idea what was about to happen on that day at the time. We got a call that an A-20 had ditched and to go to Kavieng for a rescue.

At the time, we were about 100 miles from Kavieng, at Vitu Island off New Britain which was our rendezvous point for the mission. We had four P-47's with us as escorts. (348th FG from Finschafen).

All our rescues were in Kavieng Harbor. Kavieng had a closed in harbor, but no breakers or protection from the rougher seas. That day, there were large swells in the water too. Later they would tell us fifteen to eighteen feet high.

First Landing
We went to the location we had been given, and could see die marker, some wreckage and a raft. We could not see if anyone was down there though, so we put down in the water to find out for sure. Any open sea landing has a lot of dangers. As I said, there were large swells in the water this day. I tried to align the plane with the swells so we could land with them in the same direction.

We dropped a smoke bomb at one end, and another down at the far end of where I wanted to land to judge the wind. We were going to land in between the swells. I made a good landing by power stalling the plane. This meant bring it in really slow and cutting the power so the plane drops out of the sky straight down to land in the shortest distance. When the plane hit the water, the crew reported that some rivots had popped out of the bottom pontoon!

I pulled the plane up so that the guys in the fuselage could investigate. There was no sign of the crew, they must have been dead or drowned. We found some debris - oil, dye marker two life jackets and a half inflated raft.

A-20G Havoc 42-86616
3rd BG, 13th BS pilot 1st Lt. William T. Pearson with gunner MSgt Donald N. Gamage

Second Landing
After taking, off, we got a call from a B-25 that was spotting from the air and was radioing us instructions and coordinates of ditched planes. He called in the position of a B-25 that had ditched.

The aircraft spotting from the air was B-25 Mitchell piloted by Major Chester A. Coltharp, C. O. 498th Bombardment Squadron.

I made another stall landing to pick up this crew. All six were in the water. When we landed, we realized that we would have to cut the one engine when we picked up the crew. The swells were so high, they were right up to the engines which as you know are on the top edge of the wing of the PBY. We were afraid that they might hit the prop when we got close to them. I turned to Wily, our mechanic and asked him if we shut off the port engine, would we be able to restart it? He said yes, so I did.

B-25D "Gremlins Holiday" 41-30041
345th BG, 498th BS pilot 1st Lt. Edgar R. Cavin

Gunfire from shore was hitting around us. Machine guns, small arms and some larger shells. Luckily, none hit us, and I think the swells helped us here, as the plane would have disappeared behind a swell to anyone trying to shoot at us from the shore. We pulled right up to them, and Kelly at waist position threw out a rope and Joe Germean pulled them inside. Joe was was the strongest guy in our crew, and pulled in all of the B-25 crew.

We restarted the port engine without a problem, and took off once again, and started for home. I would say we got twenty miles out, when the same guy called again. "We got another crew for you to pick up". Two of the P-47's had left, because they were low on fuel.

Third Landing
Our radio went off again, and we got the call from the spotting B-25 to rescue another crew. This plane had ditched about a mile from shore. Again, we power stalled to land, and had to cut the left engine so as not to hit the crew in the water. This time it was another B-25 crew. Only three were there. Our remaining two P-47 escorts left while we were making the landing because they too were low on fuel.

B-25D "Pissonit" 41-30370
38th BG, 71st BS pilot 1st Lt Eugene E. Benson

We now had ten aboard, and we started for home. I would say we got about 20 miles away from Kavieng when again, our radio went off. It was the same B-25 called in and told us about another crew, this time very close to the shore. Since our escort had left, I asked him "Are you going to stay with me?" and he replied back "Yes". We had been told that the Japanese had float planes there too, and I was afraid about meeting one of them now that we were alone.

Fourth Landing
Click For EnlargementWe would have to land closer to shore this time. I did not consult with the crew, there was no time for making decisions, I just did it, and nobody complained. That is what had to be done, there was no time to discuss things. We made our final landing, only 600 yards from shore. We had to make our approach over the town, where later I was told some of the heavies AA fire was coming from. There was a lot of fire coming at us from the shore. Small arms and machine guns as well as larger stuff. Again, none hit us. The swells helped us here, as the plane would disappear to anyone trying to shoot at us from the shore when we were behind a crest. We did the same thing, and took the five of them in through the waist hatch. The pilot was Captain William Cavoli, who was from Newport, Arkansas and later would become a friend.

B-25D Mitchell 41-30531
345th BG, 500th BS pilot Captain William J. Cavoli

Click For EnlargementHead for Home
We had a total of fifteen people aboard that we had rescued. Some were hurt bad, and the crew got to work helping them as best we could. We flew to Finchafen, and dropped them all off. There he unloaded everyone we had rescued. The really wounded ones immediately went to the hospital ship there (San Pablo AVP 30). That was the last time I saw any of them. We simply refueling and returning to Samarai. Total flying time was 7.4 hours to Finchafen and another 2.6 hours more back to our base at Samari.

Medal of Honor
I had no idea that I had been recommended for the award of course. After the Kavieng mission, we were still flying daily missions, until September 1944. Later, the whole crew was flown to Brisbane, where the Vice-Admiral presented the entire crew with the Silver Star, and me with the Congressional Medal of honor. Admiral "Bull" Halsey, mentioned the rescue in a telegram after the mission: "Please pass my admiration on to that saga writing Kavieng Cat crew - Halsey". The Medal of Honor is displayed at the MacArthur Museum of Arkansas Military History.

Medal of Honor Citation
Medal of Honor"For extraordinary heroism above and beyond the call of duty as commander of a Catalina patrol plane in rescuing personnel of the U.S. Army 5th Air Force shot down in combat over Kavieng Harbor in the Bismarck Sea, 15 February 1944. On air alert in the vicinity of Vitu Islands, Lt. (then Lt. j.g.) Gordon unhesitatingly responded to a report of the crash and flew boldly into the harbor, defying close-range fire from enemy shore guns to make 3 separate landings in full view of the Japanese and pick up 9 men, several of them injured. With his cumbersome flying boat dangerously overloaded, he made a brilliant takeoff despite heavy swells and almost total absence of wind and set a course for base, only to receive the report of another group stranded in a rubber life raft 600 yards from the enemy shore. Promptly turning back, he again risked his life to set his plane down under direct fire of the heaviest defenses of Kavieng and take aboard 6 more survivors, coolly making his fourth dexterous takeoff with 15 rescued officers and men. By his exceptional daring, personal valor, and incomparable airmanship under most perilous conditions, Lt. Gordon prevented certain death or capture of our airmen by the Japanese."

Click For EnlargementReturn Home
After New Guinea, I was sent back to the United States to become an instructor at Jacksonville, Florida. After that, I was flying at Washington DC until the war ended. I stayed friends with William Cavoli after the war, he recently invited me over to visit. I sometime go to the Medal of Honor reunions too.

Memorials
Nathan G. Gordon passed away September 9, 2008 at Arkansas Medical Services Center in Little Rock, AR. He is buried at Elmwood Cemetery in Morrilton, AR.

References
Austin American Statesman “Twin Engined Angels Save 38 Lost Airmen in 35 Days” by Sgt Gordon D . Marston (Marine Corps Correspondent) February 21, 1944
"News dispatches from the Southwest Pacific Feb. 16 told of the daring rescue of 15 allied airmen by a Navy Catalina [PBY "Arkansas Traveler" 08139 piloted by Nate Gordon] flying boat when eight allied planes were shot down at Kavieng."
Interview with Nathan Gordon by Justin Taylan 2003
FindAGrave - Nathan Green Gordon (photos, grave photo)
Thanks to Nate Gordon for additional information



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