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  Lockheed Hudson Mark I Serial Number A16-19 Code US-B
RAAF
1 Squadron

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RAAF April 1941

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AWM c1976

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Daniel Leahy 2004

Pilot  F/Lt John Christopher Ramshaw 552 (MIA / KIA) Belgrave Heights, VIC
Co-Pilot  F/O Donald Alexander Dowie, 649 (POW, survived) Adelaide, SA
WAG  Sgt Garet Sidney White, 407309 (MIA / KIA) Adelaide, SA
WAG  Sgt Jeffrey Cyril Coldrey, 3382 (MIA / KIA) East Brighton, VIC

Crashed  December 8, 1941


Aircraft History
Built by Lockheed. Disassembled and shipped overseas to Australia as part of Defense Aid consignment.

Wartime History
On February 6, 1940 assigned to the Royal Australian Air Force (RAAF) as Hudson A16-19. On April 18, 1940 assigned to 1 Squadron. Assigned nose number 270 and fuselage code US-B. This Hudson operated from Sembawang Airfield and Kota Bharu Airfield in Maylaya. On April 26, 1940 collided with Hudson A16-20, causing damage to the perspex. Afterwards, repaired.

On December 6, 1941 this Hudson spotted the Japanese invasion force approaching northern Malaya. When lost, engine serial numbers 2266 and 2273.

Mission History
On December 8, 1941 during the early morning hours this Hudsons took off from Kota Bharu Airfield the on a bombing mission against the Japanese landing force off Kota Bharu. Over the target, Hudson A16-94 was shot down. Returning to base, this Hudsons were refueled and re-armed for another mission.

Took off on a second sortie over the invasion force. Over the target, shot down and crashed into the sea roughly three miles from the coast. This Hudson became the first Australian aircraft lost in the Pacific War, and the aircrew were the first Australians killed in the Pacific. This Hudson was officially stricken on December 9, 1941.

Fates of the Crew
Dowie survived for two days in the sea aboard a small native boat. Taken prisoner by a Japanese patrol boat, he spent the duration of the war as a POW in Singapore. Dowie survived the war and was repatriated to Australia and discharged on January 11, 1946.

Memorials
The rest of the crew was officially declared dead the day of the mission. All are memorialized at the Singapore Memorial at Kranji War Cemetery. Ramshaw on column 411. White and Coldrey on column 412. White on column 412.

Wreckage
In 1976, a Pratt and Whitney R-1839 SC3-G twin row radial engine from this wreck was recovered from the sea by fisherman Abdul Rahman Bin Win Harum. The next year, the second engine was recovered. Both engines were transported to Australia the next year and were acquired by the Australian War Memorial (AWM).

Display
Both engines are on display at Australian War Memorial. The no. 1 one engine with bent propellers is on display as part of the Air Power in the Pacific 1941-1953 display in Aircraft Hall, the no. 2 engine is displayed in the Second World War Hall.

References
CWGC - John Christopher Ramshaw
CWGC - Garet Sidney White
CWGC - Jeffrey Cyril Coldrey
ADF Serials - Hudson A16-19
RAAFDB - Hudson A16-19
World War Two Nominal Roll - Donald Alexander Dowie
Thanks to Daniel Leahy for additional information

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Last Updated
May 22, 2017

 

Tech Info
Hudson

POW
MIA / POW
3 Missing
1 Prisoner

Photos
Photo Archive

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  Pacific Wrecks Inc. is a non-profit 501(c)(3) charity dedicated to bringing home those Missing In Action (MIA) and leveraging new technologies in the study of World War II Pacific and the Korean War.  
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