431st Fighter Squadron (431st FS) "Hades"
U. S. Army Air Force, 5th Air Force, 475th Fighter Group (475th FG)
Assigned to the U. S. Army Air Force (USAAF), 5th Air Force, 475th Fighter Group (475th FG) as the 431st Fighter Squadron (431st FS) "Hades". Equipped with the P-38 Lightning flying combat missions in the South West Pacific Area (SWPA).
On May 14, 1943 the 431st Fighter Squadron (431st FS) "Hades" was activated at Charters Towers Airfield in Queensland in Australia. On July 1, 1943 transfered from Charters Towers Airfield to Amberley Field near Brisbane.
On August 8, 1943 elements of the squadron moved northward to
Port Moresby in New Guinea with the rest of the squadron transferring on August 14, 1943 to Dobodura No. 12. By October 3, 1943 the portion of the squadron at Port Moresby transferred to Dobodura No. 12.
On January 18, 1944 during a fighter sweep over Wewak, intercepted by 25 enemy fighters. Lost was P-38H Lightning 42-66534 piloted by 2nd Lt. John R. Weldon, Jr. (MIA), P-38H-1-LO "Hot Box Annie" 42-66545 pilot 2nd Lt. Joseph A. Robertson (MIA) and P-38H Lightning 42-66554 pilot 1st Lt. William T. Ritter (MIA).
On January 22, 1944 lost on a test flight was P-38G 42-12711 pilot 2nd Martin P. Hawthorne (KIA).
On March 26, 1944 the squadron transfers to Nadzab Airfield No. 3 (Fighter Strip).
Later, the squadron transfered to Hollandia on the north coast of New Guinea.
On July 15, 1944 the squadron transfered to Mokmer Drome on Biak Island.
On November 9, 1944 the squadron transferred to Dulag Airfield on Leyte in the Philippines and later operatates from San Jose Airfield on Mindoro Island.
On January 7, 1945 lost is P-38L "Eileen-Ann" 44-24845 piloted by
Major Thomas B. McGuire, Jr. on a fighter sweep over Negros and went Missing In Action (MIA). Afterwards, McGuire Airfield was renamed McGuire Drone in his honor.
On February 28, 1945 the squadron transferred to
Clark Field on Luzon in the Philippines. By March 5, 1945 the portion of the squadron at San Jose Airfield transferred to Clark Field.
431st FS "Hades" (Red): 110–139