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  USS Buchanan (DD-484) TCG Gelibolu (D-346)
USN
Gleaves-class destroyer

1,630 Tons
348' 3" x 36' 1" x 11' 10"
4 x 5" guns
6 x 20mm AA
6 x .50 cal MG
5 x 21" torpedo tubes
2 x depth charge racks

Ship History
Built by Federal Shipbuilding and Drydock Company in Kearny, New Jersey. Laid down February 11, 1941. Launched November 22, 1941. Commissioned March 21, 1941 as USS Buchanan (DD-484) with Lieutenant Commander R. E. Wilson in command and departed for the Pacific on May 28, 1942.

Wartime History
On August 7, 1942 Buchanan participated in the American landings at Tulagi and Guadalcanal. On August 9, 1942 participated in the Battle of Savo Island. Afterwards, helped rescued survivors of USS Astoria, USS Quincy, USS Vincennes and HMAS Canberra.

During September 1942 escorted USS Wasp (CV-7) and other Navy vessels to Noumea then jointed Task Force 64.1 (TF 64.1) and participated in the occupation of Funafuti Island. During the night of October 11-12, 1942 participated in the Battle of of Cape Esperence.

On November 12, 1942 at the start of the Naval Battle of Guadalcanal Japanese aircraft attack U.S. warships and transports in Iron Bottom Sound off the north coast of Guadalcanal. At 2:16pm a G4M1 Betty released a torpedo that missed, USS San Francisco (CA-38). The same Betty was hit by anti-aircraft fire and deliberately crashed into the after control station that killing 30 crew. This was the only damage inflicted on the American vessels by the Japanese bombers. Also damaged was USS Buchanan (DD-484) that was hit by friendly gunfire that killed five aboard and forced it to be withdrawn for repairs.

PARTIAL LIST

During the night of February 17-18, Task Group 38.4, composed of the destroyers USS Farenholt (DD-491), USS Buchanan (DD-484), USS Lansdowne (DD-486), USS Lardner (DD-487) and USS Woodworth (DD-460) conducted a shore bombardment of targets on East New Britain near Rabaul known as the Battle of Karavia Bay. They fired on batteries at Praed Point (141 rounds) and a gun battery at Raluana (56 rounds). Heavy gunfire was observed from Simpson Harbor and Karavia Bay areas. At 0124 torpedoes were fired through the center of the mine field across the entrance to Karavia Bay. At 0126 to to the south into Vunapopo bivouac and supply area (244 rounds), cleared Credner Island. At 1136 our observation plane dropped a stick of bombs on Cape Gazelle shore batteries. At 0137 ceased firing Vunapopo area, shifted to Cape Gazelle shore battery (firing 284 rounds) which had opened fire on the formation. At 1:40am opened fire on Cape Gazelle shore batteries, then passed the center of channel between Duke of York Islands and Cape Gazelle. At 0200 on the fantail of USS Lardner, the bloomer on the No. 4 gun had caught fire from the heat of firing, but was quickly extinguished. At 0230 unidentified plane reported. Until 0515, “bogies” were reported at intervals, singly and in groups (about four) one dropped flares on starboard beam at about 0310. One “bogie” approached as close as as 3 miles. Due to heavy overcast and rain squalls, the Squadron Commander felt reluctant to allow the ship to return fire and reveal our presenc, at 0335 cleared St. George's Channel. At least one fighter, A6M Zero piloted by Komachi that took off from Tobera Airfield and dropped two 60kg wing bombs and made several strafing the first destroyer and making a bomb run on the second until ammunition was expended then departed.

Postwar
Recommissioned on December 11, 1948 at Charleston and underwent shakedown and refresher training with a nucleus Turkish crew aboard. On 29 March 1949, she departed for Gölcük, Turkey, where she was turned over to the Turkish Navy on April 28, 1949. Comissioned in the Turkish Navy as destroyer TCG Gelibolu (D-346) until retired in 1976

Scrapping
During 1976, scrapped in Turkey.

References
Siege of Rabaul page 24
Imperial Japanese Navy Aces page 33

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Last Updated
August 18, 2018

 

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