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  USS Hornet CV-12
USN
Essex-class aircraft carrier

27,100 Tons (standard)
820' x 93' x 28' 5" (as built)
4 x Twin 5" guns
4 x Single 5" guns
8 x Quad 40mm
46 x 20mm AA guns
90–100 aircraft

Ship History
Built by Newport News Shipbuilding Company in Newport News, VA. Laid down August 3, 1942. Originally named USS Kearsarge, but instead was renamed USS Hornet (CV-8) the eighth ship in the USN with the name after the loss of USS Hornet CV-8 sunk during the Battle of the Santa Cruz Islands. Launched August 30, 1943 sponsored by Annie Reid Knox. Comissioned November 29, 1943 after sixteen months. Named USS Hornet (CV-12) the eighth ship in the USN with the name Hornet.

Wartime History
For sixteen continuous months, Hornet was in action in the forward areas of the Pacific, sometimes within 40 miles of Japan. Attacked from the air fifty-nine times but was never hit. Her aircraft destroyed 1410 Japanese aircraft, only USS Essex (CV-9) exceeded her record. Her air groups destroyed or damaged 1,269,710 tons of enemy shipping ten Hornet pilots attained "ace in a Day" status. A total of thirty of the forty-two F6F Hellcat pilots from VF-2 became aces. Her pilots claimed 72 enemy aircraft shot down in a single day and 255 aircraft shot down in single month. Hornet supported nearly every Pacific amphibious landing after March 1944. Scored the critical first hits against Super Battleship Yamato. In 1945 launched the first strikes against Tokyo since the "Doolittle Raid".

On March 30, 1944 Hornet carrier aircraft attack Palau. On March 31, 1944 carrier aircraft attack Palau (strike 1A) to attack shipping off Babelthaup Island and engage enemy aircraft. Lost is TBM Avenger 25273 pilot rescued two crew MIA.

Museum
Today, the carrier is docked at Alameda, California and si open to the public as the USS Hornet Museum at the former NAS Alameda.

References
USS Hornet CV-12 War Diary - 20 November 1943 - 2 September 1945"
(Page 2) "30-31 March 1944 - Strikes on the Palau Islands."

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Last Updated
October 31, 2019

 

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