Essex-class aircraft carrier
27,100 Tons (standard)
820' x 93' x 28' 5" (as built)
4 x Twin 5" guns
4 x Single 5" guns
8 x Quad 40mm
46 x 20mm AA guns
Hornet (CV-12) was commissioned just
16 months after her keel was laid, the eighth ship in the USN with the
Built by Newport News Shipbuilding, laid down during August 1942; she was originally named USS Kearsarge, but was renamed in honor of the USS Hornet (CV-8), which sunk during the Battle of Santa Cruz in October 1942, becoming the eighth ship to bear the name.
For 16 continuous months she was in action in the forward
areas of the Pacific combat zone, sometimes within 40 miles of the Japanese
home islands. Under air attack 59 times, she was never hit. Her aircraft
destroyed 1410 Japanese aircraft, only USS Essex (CV-9) exceeded her record. Her
air groups destroyed or damaged 1,269,710 tons of enemy shipping 10
HORNET pilots attained "Ace in a Day" status. 30 of 42 VF-2
Hellcat pilots were aces. 72 enemy aircraft shot down in one day. 255
aircraft shot down in a month. Supported nearly every Pacific amphibious
landing after March 1944. Scored the critical first hits in sinking
the super battleship Yamato. In 1945
launched the first strikes against Tokyo since the 1942 Doolittle Raid.
Today, the carrier is docked at Alameda, California and si open to the
public as the USS Hornet Museum at the former NAS Alameda.
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January 10, 2018