U.S. President Taft attended the ceremony when the keel was laid down on October 18, 1911 for the oiler USS Jupiter AC-3 at Mare Island Naval Shipyard. Launched on August 14, 1912. Commissioned April 7, 1913.
On April 27, 1914 Jupiter embarked a U. S. Marine Corps (USMC) detachment at San Francisco and joined to the Pacific Fleet at Mazatlán Mexico and remained until October 10 then departed for Philadelphia, Pennsylvania passing through the Panama Canal on October 14, the first vessel to transit it from west to east.
World War I
Next, she cruised the Atlantic and Gulf of Mexico attached to the Atlantic Fleet Auxiliary Division. On April 6, 1917 arrived at Norfolk, Virginia and was assigned to NOTS. Next made two trips to France carrying cargo during June 1917, includuing Naval aviation detachment of 7 officers and 122 men to England.
The second voyage was November 1918, afterwards returned to Norfolk January 23 ,1919. On March 8, 1919 departed for Brest, France, for coaling duty in European waters to expedite the return United States troops. Returning to Norfolk on August 17, 1919 ship was transferred to the west coast.
First Aircraft Carrier
Conversion to the United States Navy's first aircraft carrier for the purpose of conducting experiments in seaborne aviation was authorized July 11, 1919 and she steamed to Hampton Roads on December 12 where she decommissioned March 24, 1920. On 11 April 1920, her name was changed to USS Langley and redesignated CV-1 and recommissioned on March 20, 1922.
On December 8, 1941 at the outbreak of the Pacific War, Langley
was anchored off Cavite and immediately proceeded to to Balikpapan then departed for Australia arriving at Darwin on January 1, 1942. For the next ten days, Langley assisted the Royal Australian
Air Force (RAAF) to conduct anti-submarine patrols in the area.
Afterwards, she was then assigned to American-British-Dutch-Australian (ABDA) and ordered to the Netherlands East Indies (Indonesia) to prevent Japanese occupation of the area.On February 22, 1942 departed Fremantle as part of a convoy bound for India.
On February 27, 1942 Langley diverted from the convoy to on
a mission to deliver thirty-two P-40 Warhawks to Tjilatjap. Roughly 200 miles south of Java, rerendezvoused with escorts USS Whipple DD-217 and USS Edsall DD-219. At 11:40am bombed by nine G4M1 Betty bombers from the Takao Kokutai roughly 75 miles south of Tjilatjap. Hit by bombs, Langley is irreparably damaged and sixteen are killed in the attack. Afterwards, the damaged vessel is abandoned then scuttled by USS Whipple.
Fates of the Crew
The crew were rescued by the escorting destroyers. USS Edsall DD-219 rescued 117 survivors who were transferred to USS Pecos off Christmas Island and were then transported to Fremantle.
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November 16, 2018