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  USS Cleveland CL-55
USN
Cleveland Class
Light Cruise

10,000 Tons
610' 1" x 66' 6" x 20'
12 x 6" guns
12 x 5" guns
Click For Enlargement
USN 1943

Ship History
Built by New York Shipbuilding Corporation of Camden, NJ. On 1 November 1941 Hull No. 423 was launched and commissioned June 15, 1942 with Captain E. W. Burrough in command.

Wartime History
Clearing Norfolk's Chesapeake Bay 10 October 1942, Cleveland joined a task force off Bermuda on October 29, 1942 bound for the invasion of North Africa, the first new class of ship to enter World War II. Her firepower supported the landings at Fedhala, French Morocco, on 8 November and she remained on patrol until 12 November, returning to Norfolk, 24 November.

Cleveland sailed for the Pacific 5 December 1942, and arrived at Efate 16 January. Her first mission was with TF 18 to guard a troop convoy to Guadalcanal from January 27-31, Cleveland fired on the enemy as she came under heavy air attack in the battle of Rennell Island on the 29th and 30th.

Joining Task Force 68, Cleveland steamed up "the Slot" 6 March 1943 to bombard Japanese airfields at Vila Airfield on Kolombangara, then joined in the night action which sank two Japanese destroyers (the Minegumo and Murasame) in the battle of Blackett Strait.

In June, Command of the Cleveland passed to Captain Andrew G. Shepard. June 16, SON-1 Seagull 1184 was lost, crew rescued.

On June 30, still with TF 68, "Merrill's Marauders", Cleveland fired in the bombardment of Ballale and Shortlands.

On July 12, provided bombardment support for the Allied landing at Munda. Following a short repair period at Sydney, Australia, Cleveland sailed for the preinvasion bombardment of the Treasury Islands on 26 October and 27 October.

On November 1, her task force steamed to blast Buka and Bonis in support of the Allied landing at Torokina on Bougainville. That same day, dashed south the same day to again bombard Ballale and Shortlands. That night intercepted a Japanese force in the Battle of Empress Augusta Bay. Cleveland poured her radar-controlled fire into the four Japanese cruisers for over an hour, aiding in sinking Sendai, then chased the fleeing ships until daybreak. An air attack followed and one stick of bombs severely rocked Cleveland, who splashing several of the enemy planes. For the battle, Cleveland won the Navy Unit Commendation. Afterwards, she returned to Buka for another bombardment on December 23, then patrolled between Truk and Green Island from February 13-18, 1944 while American forces captured the latter.

After supporting the capture of Emirau from March 17-23 1944, Cleveland sailed for replenishment and repairs at Sydney. Afterwards, returned to the Solomons April 21 to prepare for the operation in the Marianas. One practice bombardment on May 20 brought return fire unexpectedly which straddled the ship, but unharmed, she quickly silenced the shore batteries.

From June 8 to August 12, Cleveland participated in the Marianas operations. On July 24, 1944 during the invasion of Tinian the USS Cleveland came to the aid of the USS Norman Scott (DD-690) that was hit six times within a few seconds by shore batteries. The Cleveland maneuvered between the Norman Scott and the shore batteries, preventing the Norman Scott from taking any more hits. She conducted softening-up bombardments and then gave fire support for invading troops until she joined TF 58 for the battle of the Philippine Sea on June 19-20. Although few enemy aircraft penetrated the screen of American carrier planes, Cleveland was credited with splashing at least one enemy aircraft and assisting in downing another of the few which did get through.

From September 12-29, 1944 Cleveland participated in the invasion of the Palaus, then sailed from Manus on 5 October for a stateside overhaul. She arrived in Subic Bay 9 February 1945, and sailed on to bombard Corregidor on 13 February and 14 February, effectively neutralizing the fortress before the landings there. Continuing to support the consolidation of the Philippines, she covered the landings at Puerto Princesa, the Visayas, Panay, and the Malabang-Parang area on Mindanao.

Cleveland put out from Subic Bay 7 June 1945 to act as part of the covering force and provide fire support for the invasion landings at Brunei Bay, Borneo on 10 June. She returned to Subic Bay 15 June, then sailed to Manila to embark General of the Army Douglas MacArthur, USA, and his staff as observers of the assault on Balikpapan. Arriving 30 June, she fired in a pre-landing bombardment the next morning, and after General MacArthur had made an inspection tour of the landing area, got underway for Manila, arriving 3 July.

With a new cruiser task force, Cleveland sailed 13 July 1945 to Okinawa, arriving 16 July. From this base the force made a series of sweeps against Japanese shipping until 7 August to insure Allied control of the East China Sea.

Postwar
Cleveland got underway from Okinawa on September 9 to support the occupation of Japan by covering the evacuation of Allied prisoners of war from Wakayama, then serving as part of a naval occupation group until the 6th Army made its landings on Honshū. After a short stay in Tokyo Bay (28 October–1 November), Cleveland departed Pearl Harbor via San Diego and the Panama Canal before arriving at Boston on December 5 for overhaul.

Operated out of Newport on various training exercises, including a Naval Reserve training cruise to Halifax, Nova Scotia, and Quebec in June 1946, before reporting to Philadelphia for inactivation. Cleveland was placed out of commission in reserve there 7 February 1947, until sold for scrap on February 18, 1960.

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Last Updated
August 18, 2018

 

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