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  Furutaka 古鷹
IJN
Furutaka class
Heavy Cruiser

7,950 tons (standard)
9,150 tons (modification)
176.8m x 15.8m x 5.6m
Originally
6 × (200mm guns
4 × 76mm
12 × 24" torpedo tubes

Modified
6 × 20 cm/50 3rd Year Type naval guns (3x2
4 × 120mm
8 × 24"torpedo tubes
Click For Enlargement
IJN c1926

Ship History
Built by Mitsubishi shipyards at Nagasaki. Laid down December 5, 1922. Launched February 25, 1925. Commissioned March 31, 1926.

Wartime History
PARTIAL HISTORY

In late August, Cruiser Division 6 and the Chokai departed Shortland to provide distant cover for the Guadalcanal reinforcement convoys. That same day, a Consolidated PBY Catalina of VP23's "Black Cats" made a daylight attack against the cruiser unsuccessfully. Furutaka shuttled between Kieta and Rabaul as needed to refuel and resupply through mid-September. Furutaka was unsuccessfully attacked on 12 September south of New Ireland by the USS S-47, but was not damaged.

Sinking History
On October 11, 1942 during the Battle of Cape Esperance (Second Battle of Savo Island) at 11:35pm USS Helena (CL-50) spotted the Japanese fleet on radar and the U. S. Navy warships successfully crossed the Japanese "T". As forced opened fire, but Admiral Goto, thinking that he was under friendly-fire, ordered a 180-degree turn that exposed each of his ships to the American broadsides. Aoba was damaged heavily, and Admiral Goto was mortally wounded on her bridge. With Aoba crippled, Captain Araki of the Furutaka turned his ship out of the line of battle to engage USS Salt Lake City.

USS Duncan launched two torpedoes toward Furutaka that either missed or failed to detonate. Duncan continued firing at Furutaka until she was put out of action by numerous shell hits. At 2354, Furutaka was hit by a torpedo that flooded her forward engine room. During the battle, about 90 shells hit Furutaka and some ignited her Type 93 "Long Lance" torpedoes, starting fires. On October 12, 1942 at 2:28am, Furutaka sank stern first at Lat 09°02′S Long 159°33′E. Officially, Furutaka was removed from the Navy list on November 10, 1942.

Fates of the Crew
During the sinking, thirty-three crewmen were killed and 110 were missing. Captain Araki and 518 survivors were rescued by destroyers Hatsuyuki, Murakumo and Shirayuki. 115 of Furutaka's crew were became Allied Prisoners Of War (POW) and were interned at Featherston POW Camp in New Zealand.

References
Combined Fleet IJN FURUTAKA: Tabular Record of Movement

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Last Updated
January 10, 2018

 

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