Ho Chi Minh City (HCMC) borders the Red River in southern Vietnam. During the French colonial rule until 1976 known as Saigon (Sài Gòn).
Occupied by the Japanese for the duration of the Pacific War. On September 2, 1945 after the official surrender of Japan, Hanoi became the capital of Vietnam.
Postwar, Saigon was the capital of the Republic of Vietnam. On July 2, 1976 after the fall of Saigon, the city merged with surrounding Gia Định Province and was officially renamed Ho Chi Minh City after revolutionary leader Hồ Chí Minh.
American missions against Saigon
January 12 - June 12, 1945
B-24J "Patches" Serial Number 42-73474
Pilot O'Brien MIA April 20, 1945
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February 4, 2018