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Ho Chi Minh City (HCMC) borders the Red River in southern Vietnam. During the French colonial rule and during the Pacific War known as Saigon (Sài Gòn) in French Indochina. In 1976 renamed Ho Chi Minh City and today is a municipality in Vietnam.
During 1941, Saigon was occupied by the Japanese as part of an agreement allowing them to occupy French Indochina. Starting in January 1945 Saigon was attacked by U. S. Navy (USN) carrier aircraft and U. S. Army Air Force (USAAF) bombers until the end of the Pacific War. Occupied by the Japanese until the official surrender of Japan on September 2, 1945.
American missions against Saigon
January 12, 1945–June 12, 1945
On September 2, 1945 Hanoi became the capital of Vietnam. Saigon was the capital of the Republic of Vietnam. On July 2, 1976 after the fall of Saigon, the city merged with surrounding Gia Định Province and was officially renamed Ho Chi Minh City after revolutionary leader Hồ Chí Minh.
B-24J "Patches" Serial Number 42-73474
Pilot O'Brien MIA April 20, 1945, 10 missing
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