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    Vietnam (Socialist Republic of Vietnam, French Indochina)  

Location
Vietnam is located in southeast Asia bordering China to the north, Laos to the northwest, Cambodia to the southwest and Thailand across the Gulf of Thailand to the southwest. Across the South China Sea is the Philippines, Malaysia and Indonesia. Prior to the Pacific War, Vietnam was known as Indochina or Indo-China encompassing present day Vietnam, Cambodia and Laos. In French, spelled Indochine.

Wartime History
After the fall of France in 1940, Indochina came under the control of the Vichy French government aligned with the Axis powers. On September 3, 1941 a military agreement signed by French Governor General Jean Decoux, allowed 25,000 Japanese troops the use of northern Indochina as a staging area into China, and the use of three airfield in Indochina. On September 26, 1941, Japanese forces arrived before the signing of the Axis Triple Pact, promoting the United States to enact an embargo against Japan. During the Pacific War, although never invaded by Allied forces, the country was subjected to aerial and naval attacks. 

Postwar
After Japan's surrender in August 1945, the French returned to their former colony, but immediately faced warfare with the Communist Viet insurgency, that led to the Vietnam War.

Today
Officially known as the Socialist Republic of Vietnam. The country is divided into 58 provinces known as tỉnh plus five municipalities: Hanoi, Ho Chi Minh City, Da Nang, Hai Phong and Can Tho (Cần Thơ).

Hanoi Capital Region
Hanoi (Ha Noi)  capital of Vietnam in northern Vietnam.
Municipalities
Ho Chi Minh City (Saigon, Sài Gòn)  located in southern Vietnam, former capital of the Republic of Vietnam.
Can Tho (Cần Thơ)  located in the southwest corner Vietnam.
Da Nang (Danang, Tourane)  located in center of Vietnam.
Hai Phong (Haiphong)  located in northern Vietnam bordering the Gulf of Tonking.
Quảng Ninh Province
Gulf of Tonking (Tonkin Gulf, Tongking Gulf)  borders eastern Vietnam.
Ha Long (Hạ Long, Halong)  coastal city in northern Vietnam, borders Ha Long Bay.
Ha Long Bay (Hạ Long Bay, Halong Bay)  borders Ha Long (Halong) in northern Vietnam.
Khánh Hòa Province
Camranh Bay (Cam Ranh Bay)  located on the eastern coast of Vietnam.
Kiên Giang Province
Duong Dong (Phu Guoc)  located on Phu Guoc Island off southwestern Vietnam.
Dien Bien Province
Dien Bien Province  located in the northwest of Vietnam bordering Laos
Dien Bien Phu (Điện Biên Phủ)  located in northwest of Vietnam.

 

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Last Updated
September 26, 2017

 

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