Baker Island is an uninhabited atoll located just north of the equator in the central Pacific Ocean about 3,100 km (1,670 nm) southwest of Honolulu. The island is almost half way between Hawaii and Australia. Howland Island is located 68km to the north.
In 1935, an attempt at colonization was begun on Meyerton, as well as on nearby Howland Island. The settlement had a population of four American civilians that were evacuated in early 1942 after the start of the Pacific War.
On September 1, 1943 U. S. Navy Task Group 11.2 (TG 11.2) commanded by Rear Admiral A. W. Radford aboard
flagship USS Princeton CVL-23 arrived off Baker Island to occupy the island and construct Baker Airfield. During September 1-14, Baker Island was covered by carrier aircraft from the carrier's with Air Group 23 their fighter claim an H8K2 Emily shot down. Also, Navy patrol bombers from Canton patrol the area.
Baker Island Airfield (Baker Airfield)
Located on Baker Island
After the war, the island was left uninhabited. The island is now a National Wildlife Refuge managed by the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service as an insular area under the U.S. Department of the Interior. Today, Baker Island is an unincorporated and unorganized territory of the United States of America.
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January 11, 2018