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Borders Tulagi Harbor and Florida Island (Nggela Sule, Big Gela) to the north. To the east is Macambo Island (Makambo) and Tulagi Seaplane Base located at Gavutu Island and Tanambogo Island (Tanombago). To the south are Mbangai Island, Kokomtambu Island and Songonangona Island and across Iron Bottom Sound is Guadalcanal.
On January 22, 1942 Japanese aircraft first bombed Tulagi then again during early May 1942. On May 3, 1942 as part of "Operation MO", the invasion of Tulagi and Port Moresby, the invasion force arrives at Tuglagi Harbor and Okinoshima disembarks the Imperial Japanese Navy (IJN) 3rd Kure Special Naval Landing Force (SNLF) without opposition on Tulagi to establish a seaplane base there (on the adjacent islands of Gavutu and Tanambogo) without resistance on May 3, 1942 and garrisoned it, and established Tulagi Seaplane Base at nearby Gavutu Island and Tanambogo Island (Tanombago).
During May-August, 1942 American aircraft bombed Tulagi. On August 7, 1942 during the first phase of the Guadalcanal campaign, U. S. Marine Corps (USMC) landed at Blue Beach on Tulagi Island and met fierce resistance from the Japanese defenders. By August 8, 1942 at nightfall, Tulagi was declared secure, but for several days, individual Japanese and small groups continued to be flushed from hiding places and hunted down by patrolling Marines.
Americans killed on Tulagi were buried in three U.S. Cemeteries were established on Tulagi: USN & USMC Cemetery No. 1 (White Beach), USN & USMC Cemetery No. 2 (Police Barracks) and USN & USMC Cemetery No. 3 (Chinese Barracks). Later, these graves were exhumed and transported to American Cemetery Guadalcanal then postwar transported overseas for permenant burial.
After the battle, Tulagi was developed into an American base area supporting future operations in the Solomon Islands and U. S. Navy vessels and PT Boats. Tulagi was targeted by Japanese aircraft during 1942-1943.
District Residence House on Tulagi Island
Roadcut (The Cutting)
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