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    Solomon Islands  
Location
The Solomon Islands is an island chain that borders the South Pacific Ocean. Also known as simply the Solomons or abbreviated SI. This island chain is comprised of six major islands and over 900 smaller islands. Prewar and during the Pacific War part of the British Solomon Islands Protectorate (BSIP). Today, the independent sovereign state of Solomon Islands. The national capital and largest city is Honiara on Guadalcanal.

Borders the Solomon Sea to the west and Coral Sea to the south. Borders the Republic of Nauru to the north, Tuvalu (Ellice Islands) to the east, Vanuatu (New Hebrides) to the south, Papua New Guinea (PNG) to the west and Bougainville (Autonomous Region of Bougainville) to the northwest.

Wartime History
During the World War II, the Solomon Islands had tremendous historical significance as the first American amphibious operation of the Pacific War when a U. S. Navy (USN) task force landed the U. S. Marine Corps (USMC) Marine Raiders and 1st Division on Tulagi and Guadalcanal. Afterwards, fierce land, sea and air battles were waged in the area including Iron Bottom Sound. After the Japanese withdrawal from Guadalcanal in early February 1943, American forces advanced into the Central Solomons and Bougainville. The Solomons was both damaged and enhanced by the Pacific War. The positives included many roads, airfields and infrastructure built by the Allies.

Postwar
The United Kingdom began transitioning the Solomon Island towards independence by establishing a local council system, elections and in 1974 adopted a constitution. On July 7, 1978 the Solomon Islands became an independent nation.

Provinces of the Solomon Islands
Capital Territory  includes Honiara the national capital and largest city in the Solomon Islands.
Guadalcanal Province comprised of Guadalcanal Island where land, sea and air battles 1942-1943.
Central Province comprised of the Florida Island Group including Savo, Florida and Russell.
Choiseul Province comprised of Choiseul Island and offshore islands.
Makira-Ulawa Province comprised of San Cristobal Island (Makira) in the southeast Solomons.
Malaita Province comprised of Malaita Island and offshore islands.
Rennell and Bellona Province comprised by Rennell Island, Bellona Island and Indispensable Reef.
Santa Isabel Province (Isabel Province)  comprised of Santa Isabel Island and offshore islands.
Temotu Province comprised of the Santa Cruz Islands, Battle of Santa Cruz (Battle of the South Pacific).
Western Province comprised of New Georgia, Rendova, Arundel, Ghizo, Kolombangara, Ghizo and Shortlands.

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Last Updated
February 20, 2020

 

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