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    Solomon Islands  

Location
Solomon Islands is an island chain in the Pacific. Also known as simply the Solomons or abbreviated SI. Borders Papua New Guinea (PNG) to the west and Vanuatu (New Hebrides) to the south.

Wartime History
During the Pacific War, the Solomon Islands had tremendous historical significance as the first American amphibious operation of the Pacific War when a U. S. Navy (USN) task force landed the U. S. Marine Corps (USMC) Marine Raiders and 1st Division on Tulagi and Guadalcanal. Fierce land, air and sea battles were waged in the area including Iron Bottom Sound. After the Japanese withdrawal from Guadalcanal in early 1943, American forces advanced to the Central Solomons then to Bougainville in the North Solomons.

Postwar
The Solomons we both damaged and enhanced by the war, with many roads, airfields and infrastructure built. Postwar, the United Kingdom began transitioning the Solomon Island towards independence by establishing a local council system, elections and in 1974 adopted a constitution. On July 7, 1978 the Solomon Islands became an independent nation.

Provinces of the Solomon Islands
Capital Territory  includes Honiara the capital of the Solomon Islands.
Central Province comprised of the Florida Island Group including Savo, Florida and Russell.
Choiseul Province comprised of Choiseul Island and offshore islands.
Guadalcanal Province comprised of Guadalcanal Island where land, sea and air battles 1942-1943.
Makira-Ulawa Province comprised of San Cristobal Island (Makira) in the southeast Solomons.
Malaita Province comprised of Malaita Island and offshore islands.
Rennell and Bellona Province comprised by Rennell Island, Bellona Island and Indispensable Reef.
Santa Isabel Province (Isabel Province)  comprised of Santa Isabel Island and offshore islands.
Temotu Province comprised of the Santa Cruz Islands, Battle of Santa Cruz (Battle of the South Pacific).
Western Province comprised of New Georgia, Rendova, Arundel, Ghizo, Kolombangara, Ghizo and Shortlands.

 

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Last Updated
February 27, 2018

 

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