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    Singapore (Republic of Singapore)  
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British Army 1945
Location
Lat 1° 17' 35N Long 103° 51' 21E  Singapore Island is located to the south of the Malaya Peninsula. Borders Singapore Harbor, Keppel Harbor and and Sentosa Island. To the southeast is the Singapore Strait. To the north is the Johore Strait and Johore Causeway to the mainland. To the northeast is Ubin Island. Today known as the Republic of Singapore.

Wartime History
On February 8, 1942 Japanese Army 5th Division and 18th Division landed on the northern shore of Singapore. The British naval guns protecting Singapore Harbor were pointing in the wrong direction to oppose their landing. On February 15, 1942 the British officially surrendered Singapore Island to the Japanese.

During the Pacific War, Singapore was used by the Japanese as a staging base and Singapore Harbor was used by Japanese warships and transports.

During 1943 but the Australian Army Z Forces attacked Singapore Harbor during September 1943 and during October 1943 during "Operation Jaywick". By late 1944 Singapore was within range of of B-29 Superfortresses and targeted until the official surrender of Japan on September 2, 1945.

Allied missions against Singapore
September 24, 1943 - August 13, 1945

On September 5, 1945 at 11:30am HMS Sussex (96) entered Singapore Harbor with the flag of the Rear-Admiral Cedric Holland flying as part of "Operation Tiderace". After anchoring, General Seishirō Itagaki, commander of the Japanese garrison at Singapore was brought aboard to sign the instrument of surrender for the forces under his command.

Changi Prison (Changi Prison Complex)
Located in Changi in eastern Singapore.

Changi POW Camp (Selarang Barracks)
Located at Selarang Barracks where Allied soliders were detained during the Pacific War.

Seletar Naval Base
Borders Singapore Harbor.

Seletar Airfield
Located on the north coast built prewar used as the first airport 1930-1937 and also during the Pacific War

Sembawang Airfield
Prewar airfield occupied by the Japanese

Kalang (Kallang)
Lat 1° 19' 60N Long 103° 52' 0E  located at the center of Singapore near the southern coast.

Kallang Airfield
Built prewar with a single runway and seaplane operating area on the southern coast of Singapore

Sungei Buloh Airfield
Built prewar with a single runway, located on the southern coast of Singapore

Tengah Airfield
Built prewar with a single runway, located on the southern coast of Singapore

Kranji War Cemetery
Commonwealth War Cemetery, with 24,313 identified and the Singapore Memorial with over 24,000 missing.

Sentosa Island (Fort Siloso)
Fort Siloso was built in 1880s by the British to protect the western approaches to Singapore Harbor. Today the fort is a museum documenting the Battle for Singapore during 1942.

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Last Updated
August 28, 2019

 

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