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    Paramushir Island (Paramushiro, Paramushiru) Kurlie Islands (Chishima-Rettō) Russia
Location
Paramushir Island is located in the northeast of the Kurlie Islands, to the northeast is Paramushir Strait and Shumshu Island and the Kamchatka Peninsula. Known to the Japanese as Paramushiru To. Wartime english spelling Paramushiru. Also spelled Paramushiru. Russian spelling Paramushir. Prewar and during World War II, Paramushir Island was part of Japan. Postwar, part of the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR). Today located in Sakhalin Oblast in Russia.

Prewar
Paramushir Island was part of Japan. The Japanese established a cannery at Tomari Cape. The Japanese also constructed military installations, defenses and airfields on the island.

Wartime History
During the Pacific War, Paramushir was heavily fortified with defenses and airfields. During August 11, 1943 until the end of the war, attacked by American aircraft from the Aleutian Islands.

Allied missions against Paramushir
August 11, 1943 - August 23, 1945

On August 18, 1945 Soviet troops made an amphibious landing on Paramushir Island. Combat on the island lasted until August 23, 1945 when the remaining Japanese forces surrendered. Afterwards, the Soviets deported the Japanese civilians and sent the Japanese Prisoners Of War (POW) to labor camps and gulags.

Postwar
During 1946, the Soviet Union annexed Paramushir Island. In 1951 under the terms of the San Francisco Peace Treaty Japan gave up sovereignty of the Kurile Islands. During 1952, a tsunami destroyed the Soviet settlement on the island, but it was later rebuilt.

Cape Kurabu (Musashi Navy Base)
Borders Musashi Bay at the southern tip of Paramushir with Musashi Airfield (Kurabu Cape Airfield).

Suribachi
Located on the southern coast of Paramushir, borders Suribachi Bay with a Japanese airfield.

Kitanodai Airfield
Japanese wartime airfield

Kashiwabara Airfield (Severo-Kurilsk)
Japanese wartime airfield

Kakumabetsu Airfield
Japanese wartime airfield

R Weitherhorn adds:
"In 2003, I know that a bunch of Japanese Oscars and Zeros crashed into the mountains of Paramushiro during the war. They lost as many to  weather related factors as they did to combat. With a helo, you could cover a  lot of territory fast and expect good results since the vegetation is not dense, mostly muskeg, few trees."

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Last Updated
June 26, 2019

 

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