Onekotan Island is located in the Kurlie Islands in Russia. To the north are Onekotan Strait (Onnekotan Strait) and Paramushir
Island. To the northwest is Makanrushi Island (Makanru). To the west is the Sea of Okhotsk and to the east is the North Pacific Ocean.
Also spelled Onnekotan Island. In the Ainu language Onekotan means "large village". In Japanese known as Onekotan-tō. Wartime American spelling Onnekotan. In Russian, Онекотан. Prewar and during the Pacific War located in Japan. At the end of the Pacific War occupied by the Soviet Union (USSR). Today part of Sakhalin Oblast in the Far East of Russia.
During the Pacific War, a small Japanese garrison was based on Onekotan. Starting in March 1944, American aircraft bombed Onekotan concentrating primarily on shipping in the vicinity until the middle of March 1945. On August 25, 1945, the Japanese garrison surrendered surrendered to Soviet forces without resistance.
American missions against Onekotan (Onnekotan)
March 17, 1944–March 17, 1945
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January 19, 2020