Pacific Wrecks
Pacific Wrecks    
  Missing In Action (MIA) Prisoners Of War (POW) Unexploded Ordnance (UXO)  
Chronology Locations Aircraft Ships Submit Info How You Can Help Donate
 
    Templeton's Crossing No. 2 (No. 2 Dump) Oro Province¬†Papua New Guinea (PNG)
Location
Lat 9° 7' 53S Long 147° 40' 22E ¬†Templeton's Crossing No. 2 is located along the Kokoda Trail and Eora Creek (Iora Creek) in the Owen Stanley Range in New Guinea. Also known as No. 2 Dump. This area has the steepest and highest elevation of the trail. To the south is Templeton's Crossing No. 1 (No. 1 Dump). To the north is Eora Creek village. Today located in Oro Province in Papua New Guinea (PNG).

Prewar
At what became Templeton's Crossing No. 2) was native village with a dozen huts roughly 200' to 300' above a stream on a the ridge line of a spur was located at this location later known as Templeton's Crossing No. 2. Prewar, a track used as a mail route diverged near the Kokoda Gap northward and rejoined the Kokoda Trail at this location.

Wartime History

During the Kokoda campaign, the stretch of the Kokoda Trail near this area was regarded as "an abomination" due to the terrible condition. This area was named "Templeton's Crossing" by Bert Kienzle in honor of Australian Army Captain Samuel "Sam" Templeton who was killed July 26, 1942.

In early September 1942 surveyed by the 2/6th Field Company Engineers that regarded this location as "very bad track... track in bad condition, sideling [sic sliding] out and covered in 6" mud". This area was a dump for rations and ammunition. Due to the poor terrain, Brigadier Potts elected not to defend the area and instead withdraw to Myola. On September 3, 1942 in the morning, the Australian Army 2/14th Battalion withdrew past Templeton's Crossing No. 2 to the south.

After the Japanese defeat and withdrawal northward, the Japanese established defensive positions to the south. By October 15, 1942 the Australian Army 2/33rd Battalion reached Templeton's Crossing No. 1 and after crossing the Eora Creek were subjected to Japanese ambushes and took three days to clear northward to Templeton's Crossing No. 2. Meanwhile, the 2/25th Battalion advanced along the old mail route to attack the flank of Templeton's Crossing No. 2. By October 22, 1942 the area was secured at the cost of 46 killed at both Templeton's Crossing No. 1 and Templeton's Crossing No. 2.

By late October 1942 Templeton's Crossing No. 2 became a dump area known as "No. 2 Dump" for supplies air dropped or landed at Myola or being carried over the Kokoda Trail to this location.

References
WW2 Nominal Roll - Samuel Victor Templeton, V50190

Field Guide to the Kokoda Track by Bill James (2006) pages 279 (Myola track report 9/42), 280 (map Myola to Templeton's Crossing No. 2), 281 (map profile Myola to Templeton's Crossing No. 2), 383-384 (Templeton's Crossing No. 2), 284 (Templeton's Crossing No. 1), 285 (map Templeton's Crossing 10/42), 286 (Templeton's Crossing KIA 9/4/42), 286-290 (Templeton's Crossing No. 2), 291-292 (casualty list Templeton's Crossing No. 1 and No. 2), 294 (map Templeton's Crossing No. 2 to Eora Creek village), 295 (map profile Templeton's Crossing No. 2 to Eora Creek village)

Contribute Information
Do you have photos or additional information to add?

Last Updated
October 23, 2019

 

Map
Map Kokoda Trail
  Discussion Forum Daily Updates Reviews Museums Interviews & Oral Histories  
 
Pacific Wrecks Inc. All rights reserved.
Donate Now Facebook Twitter YouTube Instagram