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    Port Moresby (Town) National Capital District (NCD) Papua New Guinea (PNG)
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USAAF c1943

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Frances Lasker c1947

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Andrew Wright 1994

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Justin Taylan 2005

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Justin Taylan 2005


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US Army November 1942

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Australian Army 1943

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Justin Taylan 2005

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Harumi Sakaguchi 2004
Location
Lat 9° 28' 60S Long 147° 10' 60E  Port Moresby is located on a peninsula that includes Paga Hill, Ela Beach and the wharf area on the southern coast of New Guinea bordering Fairfax Harbor to the northwest and Walter Bay to the southeast. Also known as simply "Town", "Moresby. In Tok Pisin known as "Mosbi". Often abbreviated as "POM". Today, Port Moresby is located in the National Capital District (NCD) of Papua New Guinea (PNG).

Prewar
Port Moresby was a small administrative center for the Australian territories of Papua and New Guinea.

Wartime History
During the Pacific War, Port Moresby was the strategic objective of the Japanese on two occasions. First, in early May 1942 during the Battle of Coral Sea and second in late September 1942 during the Japanese Army advance over the Kokoda Trail in the Owen Stanley Range. Starting in late January 1942 until late September 1943 Port Moresby was targeted by Japanese aircraft and was subjected to over one hundred bombing attacks. Most attacks targeted Allied shipping, airfields and military installations.

Japanese missions against Port Moresby
January 28, 1942 - September 20, 1943

During 1942-1944, the Port Moresby area was developed into a major Allied staging area and airfield complex to support the Allied offensive in New Guinea. Occupied by both Australian and American personnel. Designated "Base D" as the US Army Letter Base designation.

Today
Port Moresby is the national capital of Papua New Guinea (PNG). The town has grown into a city and many traces of the war have been removed or disappeared. To this day, wartime Marston Matting / PSP (Pierced Steel Planking) is still used as fences, sidewalks or animal pens. During the late 1970s PNG War Museum Museum and had a large collection of war relics and artifacts that are today in storage or a small selection displayed at the National Museum and Art Gallery (NMAG).

Library
Built prewar, this building survived the war undamaged and remains to this day.

Burns Philp Building
Built prewar, overlooks the wharf area and survived the war undamaged, across from the Papuan Hotel. During late 2005 burned down and rebuilt with the original facade..

Papuan Hotel
This prewar hotel was taken over by American forces and used as a HQ. It survived the war, Burned down during the 1960s.

Troops Club
Located in Port Moresby town, operated by the U. S. Canteen Services. Today is near the present day Crown Plaza Hotel.

Port Moresby Masonic Lodge (Lodge No. 292)
Established on September 30, 1922 by A .W. Woolfrey. Originally located on Port Road. During 1941, closed due to the Pacific War. During 1942, a member of RAAF 30 Squadron held a meeting in June Valley. On September 4, 1944 the lodge was reopened. During 1955, relocated to a new building, across from the Crown Plaza Hotel where it remains to this today. The lodge has painted RAAF, AIF and 5th Air Force logo from the war on display.


Port Moresby (Town) Locations
Ela Beach  located at the southern edge of Port Moresby bordering Walter Bay.
Koki (2 Mile)  located to the east of Port Moresby, today located in Moresby South.
Kila Kila (3 Mile)  located to the east of Port Moresby site of 3 Mile Drome (Kila Kila Drome) the first airfield.
Waigani (5 Mile)  located to the north of Port Moresby site of Ward Drome (5 Mile Drome) and PNG Parliament.
Gordon  located to the southeast of Waigani formerly PNG Museum Modern History (War Museum).
Konedobu (Kanedabu)  located to the north of Port Moresby prewar Port Moresby Flying Boat Base.
Kaevaga  located to the north of Port Moresby includes the Governor General's Residence used by MacArthur.
Hanuabada (Hanuada)  village located at the edge of Fairfax Harbor includes Hanabada Point.
Boroko  located to the east of Port Moresby includes Arcadia, Murry Barracks, 3 Mile, 4 Mile and Taurama.
Barune (Barume)  dump area located to the north of Port Moresby nearby was the 116th Station Hospital.
Gerehu  located to the north of Port Moresby includes the University of Papua New Guinea (UPNG).
Napa Napa  borders Fairfax Harbor across from Port Moresby mooring area for flying boats.
Bomana  located to the north of Port Moresby includes Bomana War Cemetery and 12 Mile Drome (Berry Drome).
Bomana War Cemetery  locateed at Bomana estabished during 1942 as a Commonwealth War Cemetery.
Pari  borders Joyce Bay to the southwest of Port Moresby.

Port Moresby Mountains, Named Hills, Features and Swamps
Paga Hill (Paga Point, Monga Point)  feature located at the southwest edge of Port Moresby with gun battery.
Tuaguba Hill (Ack Ack Hill)  highest elevation feature at the eastern edge of Port Moresby with anti-aircraft guns.
Morris Hill (Zero Hill)  located near Bootless Bay and 7 Mile Drome.
Twin Peaks  located near the Laloki River, today excavated for gravel.
Mount Eriama  located near the Laloki River along the Sogeri Road outside Port Moresby.
Walker Hill  located near Port Moresby.
Burns Peak  located near Konedobu postwar road cut and highway.
Mount Lawes (Mt. Lawes, Bisogo)  large hill to the north of Port Moresby known as Mount Schwimmer.
Little Mount Lawes (Little Mt. Laws)  smaller hill near Mount Laws to the north of Port Moresby.
Pyramid Point  located on the southern coast to the southeast of Port Moresby at the entrance to Bootless Bay.
Waigani Swamp (Gavagabada)  located to the north of Port Moresby to the east of Gerehu.

Port Moresby Harbors and Bays
Fairfax Harbor  borders Port Moresby to the south and west sometimes referred to as Moresby Harbor.
Walter Bay  borders Paga Point to the west and Ela Beach and Port Moresby to the north.
Joyce Bay  borders the southern coast of New Guinea and Pyramid Point to the southeast of Port Moresby.
Idlers Bay (Idlers Inlet)  located to the west of Port Moresby borders Roku (Raku) and Pah Pah Point.
Bootless Bay (Bootless Inlet)  located to the southeast of Port Moresby.
Oyster Bay  located at the western edge of Bootless Bay.

Port Moresby Area Offshore Islands and Reefs
Tatana Island  located at the northeastern edge of Fairfax Harbor.
Motukea Island  located at the northern edge of Fairfax Harbor.
Gemo Island  located at the southwest end of Fairfax Harbor.
Lolorua Island  located at the southwest end of Fairfax Harbor.
Fishermans Island (Daugo)  located to the south of Fairfax Harbor.
Local Island (Manubada)   large island located in Joyce Bay off Koki (2 Mile).
Scone Island  small island located in Joyce Bay off Koki (2 Mile).
Haidana Island  located off the southern coast of New Guinea off Idlers Bay
Nateara Reef  fringing reef south of Port Moresby, Walter Bay, Joyce Bay at the western edge is Basilisk Passage.
Sinavi Reef  fringing reef south of Port Moresby.

Port Moresby Airfields and Seaplane Bases
3 Mile Drome (Kila Drome, Kila Kila Drome)  located to the east of Port Moresby built in 1933 and in WWII.
Port Moresby Flying Boat Base  located at edge of Fairfax Harbor near Port Moresby built in 1939.
7 Mile Drone (Jackson Drone, Port Moresby Jacksons International Airport)  located to the north of Port Moresby.
5 Mile Drome (Ward Drome)  located at Waigani built during 1942 as a bomber and transport strip.
12 Mile Drome (Berry Drome)  located near Bomana built during 1942 as a fighter strip.
14 Mile Dome (Schwimmer Drome, Laloki Drome)  located near the Laloki River built during 1942 as a fighter strip.
17 Mile Drome (Durand Drome)  located near the Waigani swamp built in 1942 as a fighter and bomber strip.
30 Mile Drome (Rogers Drome, Rarona Drome)  located to the northwest built 1942 as a fighter and bomber strip.
Fishermans Island Airfield (Daugo Airfield)  located on Fishermans Island built 1944 as an emergency strip.

Port Moresby Area Gun Batteries sand Fortifications
Tuaguba Hill Gun Battery  located atop Tuaguba Hill (Ack Ack Hill) first anti-aircraft gun battery at Port Moresby.
Paga Hill Battery  located atop Paga Hill with coastal guns, radar and anti-aircraft guns defending Port Moresby.
Gemo Island Battery  located on Gemo Island coastal guns to defend the entrance to Fairfax Harbor.
Boera Battery  located in the hills near Boera to the west of Port Moresby.
Bootless Bay Battery  located at Kila beach, Stokes Range then Drysdale Ridge defending Bootless Bay.
Basalisk Battery  located to the northwest of Port Moresby coastal guns defending the approaches.

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Last Updated
March 19, 2019

 

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