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Oro Province is located on the northern coast of the Papuan peninsula on New Guinea. Borders Central Province to the south and west, Milne Bay Province to the southeast and Morobe Province to the northwest. Previously, known as "Northern Province" or prewar as the "Northern District".
On July 21, 1942 Japanese forces landed at Gona and began their drive inland over the Kokoda Trail in the Owen Stanley Range in their unsuccessful overland attempt to reach Port Moresby. During late September 1942, Australian troops began to advance, driving the Japanese back to the beachhead coastal area where they defended bitterly at Buna, Gona and Sanananda. After the battle, the coastal area was developed into a major Allied base with dozens of airfields and a staging base for operations elsewhere in New Guinea.
Buna-Gona-Sanananda beachhead area
Buna fortified beachhead battlefield and Japanese airfield location.
Buna Government Station prewar Buna Government Station.
Buna Village (Old Village) located a mile to the west of Buna Government Station.
Gona located on the north coast of New Guinea, Gona battlefield liberated by the Australian Army.
Sanananda (Sanananda Point) beachhead battlefield that concluded fighting in the area.
Huggins Road Block located between Soputa and Sanananda near the junction of the Soputa Track.
The Triangle (Bloody Triangle) located near Buna, nicknamed by the US Army 32nd Infantry Division.
Strip Point located between Giropa Point and Cape Endaiadere.
Jiropa (Giropa) prewar coconut palm plantation.
Simemi located near Buna with Simemi Creek Bridge.
Cape Endaiadere located to the west of Buna includes "Maggot Beach".
Hariko located on the north coast between Cape Endaiadere and Cape Sudest.
Cape Sudest located on the north coast south of Hariko.
Cape Killerton beachhead battlefield first liberated by Australians.
Haddy's Village located to the west of Gona.
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