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    Observatory Ridge (Volcano Observatory) East New Britain Province PNG
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RNZAF Sept 1945


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Justin Taylan 2000

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Donald Fetterly 2002

Location
Observatory ridge is located to the west of Rabaul and Simpson Harbor near Tunnel Hill Road. Also known as "Observatory Hill" or "Volcano Observatory'". Prior to the war, a volcano observatory was established on the ridge with volcanologist Dr. Fisher.

Wartime History
On December 8, 1941 after news of the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor , the Australian Army positioned two anti-aircraft batteries atop this ridge and quartered troops at the observatory.

On January 4, 1942 the Australian anti-aircraft guns went into action against the first Japanese air raid against Rabaul. After the Japanese occupied Rabaul, they installed their own anti-aircraft guns atop the ridge. Later, Japanese forces and laborers dug tunnels along Observatory Road off Tunnel Hill Road.

Today
During the 1980s, the Rabaul volcano observatory was established at this location and continues to operate to this day.

References
Volcano Town

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Last Updated
January 11, 2018

 

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