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    Papua New Guinea (PNG)  
Location
Papua New Guinea (PNG) includes the eastern half of New Guinea plus the offshore islands of New Britain, New Ireland, Bougainville and offshore islands. To the east is the Solomon Islands. To the west is Papua Province (Provinsi Papua, Irian Jaya) in Indonesia. To the south borders the Coral Sea and Australia.
The Bismarck Sea is located between New Guinea and New Britain.

Wartime History
During the Pacific War, Japanese occupied many areas of the country. An estimated million Americans, 75,000 Japanese and 50,000 Australians served there. The Papuan people were instrumental in the war, serving on the side of both the Japanese and Allies as guides, laborers, carriers, spotters and soldiers.

Today
Papua New Guinea gained independence on September 16, 1975.
Officially known as the Independent State of Papua New Guinea. The nation is roughly the size of California. Today, the country is divided into twenty-two provinces plus the National Capital District (NCD).

Papua New Guinea Mainland
National Capital District (NCD)  includes the capital city of Port Moresby and immediate surrounding vicinity.
Central Province  located on the southern coast of New Guinea.
Gulf Province  located on the southern coast of New Guinea bordering the Gulf of Papua.
Western Province (Fly)  located on the southern coast of New Guinea includes the Fly River.
Milne Bay Province  located at the eastern tip of New Guinea includes Milne Bay and offshore islands.
Oro Province (Northern)  located on the north coast includes Dobodura, Buna, Gona and Sanananda.
Morobe Province  located on the north coast of New Guinea including Lae, Finchafen, Tsili-Tsili and Wau
Madang Province  located on the north coast of New Guinea including Madang, Saidor and Gusap
East Sepik Province  located on the north coast, Wewak and the Sepik River
West Sepik Province (Sandaun)  located on the north coast, borders Papua Province (Irian Jaya) in Indonesia.

Papua New Guinea Highlands
Eastern Highlands Province  located in the Highlands includes Goroka.
Chimbu Province (Simbu)  located in the Highlands includes Kundiawa and Mount Wilhelm.
Western Highlands Province  located in the Highlands includes Mount Hagen
Enga Province (EP)  located in the Highlands includes Wabag
Southern Highlands Province (SHP)  located in the Highlands includes Wabag
Hela Province  located in the Highlands previously part of Southern Highlands Province
Jiwaka Province  located in the Highlands previously part of Western Highlands Province

Papua New Guinea Islands
East New Britain Province  located on New Britain Island includes Rabaul.
West New Britain Province  located on New Britain Island includes Cape Gloucester
New Ireland Province  located on New Ireland Island and offshore islands
Manus Province  includes the Admiralty Islands Group including Manus and Los Negros
Autonomous Region of Bougainville (Bougainville Province)  includes Bougainville in the Northern Solomons

 

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Last Updated
May 30, 2018

 

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