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    Luzon  Philippines

Location
Luzon is the largest island in the Philippines and includes the capital city Manila.
Also known as Luzon Island. Today, divided into five regions and many provinces.

Wartime History
At the start of the Pacific War on December 8, 1941 Japanese aircraft attacked targets on Luzon including Camp John Hay near Baugio and Clark Field. On December 22, 1941 the Japanese made an amphibious landing at Lingayen Gulf and advanced southward pushing back the defending American and Filipino forces. On December 24, 1941 the Japanese Army 16th Division (Moriota) made an amphibious landings at Mauban / Atimonan / Stain.

American forces defended the Bataan Peninsula until the

After the surrender of U. S. Army General Jonathan Wainwright at Mariveles on the Bataan Peninsula, Luzon was occupied by the Japanese. By 1944 until early 1945, Luzon was within range of U. S. Navy carrier aircraft and U. S. Army Air Force (USAAF) bombers and fighter.

On January 9, 1945 American forces landed at Lingayen Gulf and began the liberation of Luzon advancing southward to liberate Manila while most Japanese forces withdrew into the mountains to the north. During February 1945, The Battle of Manila was urban combat between entrenched Japanese defenders often using civilians as shields against the liberating U. S. Army.

Until the end of the Pacific War and the official surrender of Japan, combat continued on Luzon as U. S. Army soldiers and Filipino guerillias continued to advance against Imperial Japanese Army troops defending the mountainous area of northern Luzon.

Today
Luzon is divided into five regions and many province.

National Capital Region (NCR)
Manila plus the sixteen surrounding cities and municipalities

Region I (Ilocos Region)
Ilocos Norte Province  located at the northwest tip of Luzon
Ilocos Sur Province  borders Lingayen Gulf to the west includes Vigan
La Union Province  borders Lingayen Gulf to the west includes San Fernando, Damortis and Agoo
Pangasinan Province  borders Lingayen Gulf to the north American landings January 9, 1945

Region II (Cagayan Valley)
Batanes Province  includes the Batanes Island Group to the north of Luzon.
Cagayan Province  located in the Cagayan Valley.
Isabela Province  mountainous province in the Cagayan Valley.
Nueva Vizcaya Province  located in the Cagayan Valley includes Balete Pass.
Quirino Province  located in the Cagayan Valley.

Region III (Central Luzon)
Aurora Province  borders the eastern coast of Luzon
Bataan Province  includes the Bataan Peninsula in western central Luzon
Bulacan Province  located in central Luzon to the north of Manila
Nueva Ecija Province  located in central Luzon to the northeast of Manila
Pampanga Province  located in central Luzon includes Clark Field
Tarlac Province  located in central Luzon including Tarlac, San Manuel and other
Zambales Province  located in central Luzon including San Marcelino, Iba, Subic Bay and Olongapo

Calabarzon Region (Southern Tagalog Mainland, formally Region IV-A)
Cavite Province  borders the southern edge of Manila Bay including Corregidor, Caballo, Carabao and El Fraile.
Laguna Province located in southern Luzon borders Lake Taal.
Batangas Province  located in southern Luzon to the north of Mindoro Island.
Rizal Province  located in southern Luzonborders Laguna de Bay.
Quezon Province  province south of Manila Ba to the north of Mindoro Island.

Cordillera Administrative Region (CAR)
Abra Province  located in northern Luzon bordering Ilocos Norte to the west
Apayao Province  located in northern Luzon bordering Ilocos Norte to the west and Cagayan to the east
Benguet Province  located in northern Luzon including Baguio
Ifugao Province  located in northern Luzon where Japanese retreated
Kalinga Province  located in northern Luzon bordering Cagayan to the northeast
Mountain Province  located in northern Luzon in the Cordillera Mountains.

Region V Provinces
Camarines Sur Province  located in southeastern Luzon including Lamon Bay Japanese landing Dec 24, 1941
Albay Province  located in southeastern Luzon
Sorsogon Province  located at the in southeast tip of Luzon

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Last Updated
September 11, 2018

 

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