Ilocos Norte Province is located on the northwest tip of Luzon, bordering Ilocos Sur to the south and both Cagayan Province and Apayao Province to the east.
Occupied by the Japanese in early December
1941, the area was encouraged to grow cotton for
province was the source of vicious fighting between guerilla
forces and the Japanese as the war progress. Prior to the American
invasion, guerillas had regained most of the province's towns. Despite
this, many civilians were killed by both the Japanese, and the guerillas
to purge pro-Japanese elements. By late February 1945, it was the first
province in northern Luzon to be liberated by guerilla forces.
Capital of Ilocos Norte Province, Laoag Airfield and port of Gaang.
Occupied by the Japanese in December
1941, the mayor Catalino Acosta organized a guerilla unit with 60
members initially by early February, 1942. Japanese fled the town
by mid-February 1945 after pressure from guerillas and attacks on
Marcos Museum & Mausoleum
Home province of Ferdinand
the post-war president of the the Philippines. The
museum includes a wall dedicated to Marcos'
service in the Philippine Army,
and as a soldier in the defense of Bataan and with American
Forces after liberation. His body is on display in the mausoleum across
from the museum. Marcos was born in nearby Bario 2 San Agustin, Sarrat.
Artemio Ricarte was born in Batac, Ilocos Norte. The shrine consists
of a memorial park, library and museum located to the north
of Batac municipal town hall. The memorial plaque reads in part: "Captured
by the Americans in 1900, Ricarte was banished to Guam in 1901. Refusing
to take the oath of allegiance to the United States Government, he lived
abroad, returning to the Philippines from Japan during World War II.
Died in Barrio Nagparaon, Kalinga Mt. Province."
memorial park was completed in 1993, and
Pesos to build.
The memorial features a statue
field guns on display.
Library and Museum
The adjacent museum and library were
opened in 1997, and cost 7 million Pesos. pre-war Filipino Freedom
of the Armed Forces
of the Philippines in 1897, and during the American occupation refused
to vow any oath of allegiance to the Unites States after the Spanish
American war. He was exiled to Guam, Hong Kong, Shanghai and finally
Japan in 1915. A controversial figure in WWII figure, Ricarte
Yokahama from 1930 until December 21, 1941 when
he was flown back to the Philippines, via Aparri
Airfield by the Japanese. During the war years, he toured the
provinces and promoted cooperation with Japanese occupiers. He fled
with Japanese forces into the Serria Madre mountains after the successful
on July 31, 1945 in the mountains with Yamashita's troops. A small
museum has photographs and relics
several WWII era American and Japanese guns. It does not
allow any photography inside.
Batac Gabaldon School
The Gabaldon schools across the Philippines were built
by the Americans to educate Filipinos. During WWII, the school was occupied
by Japanese troops. Guerillas raided the Japanese stationed
at the school on
remains standing. The school's fence is made of Marston Matting, probably
salvaged from the Laoag (Gabu) Airport.
and burn the central elementary school on the January 17, 1945, and
Catholic Convent on the 19th. Today, the central elementary school has
been rebuilt, and is named "Mariano
Marcos Memorial Elementary School"
Church of San Agustin (Church of Paoay)
This impressive church was built from
1704 - 1793. Its tower was used as an observation post by Katipuneros
during the Philippine revolution, and guerrillas during the Japanese occupation.
Lucy Guillermo adds:
"A plane wreck, possibly a P-38 somewhere in the area of Paoay. Two fishermen I talked with attest that strewn metals are embedded on the corals and sand. He would always see the wreckage when they go fishing in the corals about 50-60' deep."
One of the centers of guerrillas activities
in Ilocos Norte. Japanese left the town as early
as December 1944. Home of Josefa Llanes Escoda, pioneer of Philippine
Girl Scout movement, who was executed by the Japanese in Manila.
SS Stingray Landing
27, 1944 the USS Stingray SS-186 landed 15 Filipinos, trained in Brisbane and
were lead by Lt. Jose Valera. They also landed 15 tons of cargo
(weapons and supplies) at Caunayan Bay, Pagudpud.
Lucy Guillermo adds:
"The anchor and chain of the USS Stingray which was left behind by the sub when they aborted their unloading of shipment to the guerrillas. Said relic will be part of the Marker we're going to construct this year."
Japanese ship sunk by air attack, is mentioned in
at least one reference at this location.
Other towns in Ilocos Norte burned by
the Japanese during the occupation:
Badoc, Bangui, Piddig
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September 11, 2018