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U. S. Army prewar
USAAF January 1945
Lat 14° 55' 16N Long 120° 44' 46E Calumpit is located at an elevation of 22' / 6m in Bulacan Province on Luzon in the Philippines. At Calumpit, the Angat River joins the Pampanga River via the Bagbag River with several important bridges spanning the river. To the southeast is Manila.
On January 1, 1942 by 5:00am the U. S. South Luzon Force withdrawal across the Pampanga at Calumpit and at 6:15am destroys the bridges. Afterwards, this force is disbanded. That same day, the Japanese move through Plaridel to Calumpit but are unable to cross the Pampanga River.
In 1943 during the Japanese occupation of the Philippines, the Japanese replaced the bridges using material left in Manila. These bridges were used until at least December 27, 1944. During early January 1945 attacked by American bombers targeting the bridges.
American missions against Calumpit
January 6–7, 1945
In late January 1945, the Japanese demolished the bridges leaving both spans atop each other in the river before withdrawing in an attempt to delay the U. S. Army advance southward.
U. S. Army in WWII: The Fall of the Philippines Chapter X: The Withdrawal Begins page 165, 180-181, 183
U. S. Army in WWII: The Fall of the Philippines, Chapter XII: Holding the Road to Bataan page 203, 205-211, 214-215
U. S. Army in World War II - Triumph in the Philippines - Chapter XII Manila: The Approach March pages 211-214, 216, 232-233
U. S. Army in World War II - Chronology 1941-1945 December 30-31, 1941
U. S. Army in World War II - Chronology 1941-1945 - January 1, 1942
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