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    New Guinea  

Location
New Guinea is the second largest island in the world situated just south of the equator surrounded by the Pacific Ocean. Today, divided in roughly half between Papua New Guinea (PNG) forming the eastern half and the western half is Papua Province (Provinsi Papua, Irian Jaya) and West Papua Province (Papua Barat, West Irian Jaya) in Indoneisa. To the south is Australia, to the east is the Solomon Islands and to the west is Ceram (Seram), Molucca Islands (Maluku) and Celebes (Sulawesi) in Indonesia.

Prewar
The western half of New Guinea was known as Dutch New Guinea administered by the Dutch. The eastern half was divided between Papua in the southeast and New Guinea in the northeast administered by Germany until the World War I, then Australia.

Wartime History
During World War II, New Guinea was the site of intense fighting and battles on land, sea and air that lasted from the start of the Pacific War until the surrender of Japan.

Today
The western half is part of Indoneisa including Papua Province (Provinsi Papua, Irian Jaya) and West Papua Province (Papua Barat, West Irian Jaya). The eastern half is Papua New Guinea (PNG).

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Last Updated
October 23, 2019

 

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