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    Ulaanbaatar (Ulan Bator, Örgöö, Urga)  Mongolia

Location
Located in roughly the center of the country, capital of Mongolia.

History
Previously, this city was known as Örgöö , also spelled Urga from 1639–1706. Known as Ikh Khüree or Da Khüree during 1706–1911. After 1911, Niislel Khüree. In 1924 after the death of religious leader King Bogd Khan, the “Mongolian People’s Republic” was proclaimed with support from the Soviet Union and the city became the capital of the People's Republic of Mongolia. Also known as "Ulan Bator Khoto" (tranliteration of the Mongolian "Ulaanbaatar Khot"). After roughly 1930, known as Ulan Bator or Ulaanbaatar.

Wartime History
Soviet and Mongolian forces were based here during May 1939, prior to the Battle of Khalkhin Gol / Nomonhan Incident.

Soviet & Mongolian Units Based in Ulaanbaatar
57th Special Rifle Corps Korpus Osobava Naznacheniya (HQ, Komdiv Feklenko)
1st Division (Mongolian)
9th Armored Brigade (Armored Cars)

Chinggis Khaan Airport (Buyant Ukhaa Airfield)
Built during 1940, used for military and limited civilian flights. Still in use today.

Mongolian Military Museum
Located outside the city, this small musem includes indoor and outdoor displays

National Museum of Mongolian History
Located near the center of the city, this museum includes several military related displays

General Zukov Museum
Museum devoted to General Georgy Zhukov and his residence

References
Nomonhan Japanese-Soviet Tactical Combat page 2 (map)

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Last Updated
January 11, 2018

 

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