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    Mongolia (Outer Mongolia, People's Republic of Mongolia)  

Located to the west of Manchuria (Manchukuo), north of China and Russia to the north. Prewar, this area was also known as "Outer Mongolia". Mongolia was the second Communist country in the world, known as the People's Republic of Mongolia. Aligned with Russia, Mongolia had a role at the start and end of the Second World War.

Wartime History
During May to September 1939, a border dispute known as the Battle of Khalkhin Gol / Nomonhan Incident happened between the Japanese and Manchukuoans versus Mongolian and Russians.

During August 1945 "August Storm" Soviet-Mongolian forces attacked the Japanese Army in Manchuria (Manchukuo). After the war, Stalin handed Southern Mongolia to China according to the Yalta treaty.

  Capital of Mongolia
  Located in eastern Mongolia bordering Manchuria
  Located in eastern Mongolia bordering Manchuria

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Last Updated
September 20, 2017


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