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    Republic of the Marshall Islands (Marshall Islands)  
Location
The Marshall Islands are surrounded by the Pacific Ocean with maritime boundaries with the Federated States of Micronesia (Caroline Islands) to the west and southwest, Wake Atoll to the north and Republic of Kiribati (Gilbert Islands) to the southeast and Republic of Nauru to the south.

History

In 1885, Germany annexed the Marshall Islands. In 1914, Japan took over the islands and colonized the Marshalls extensively, with the Japanese Navy developing some of the atolls in bases, The first Micronesian islands liberated by the Americans in WWII was Kwajalein Atoll in 1944. Majuro Atoll was taken next and quickly developed into a base. Within weeks some 30 other islands had fallen. At the end of the war, 28 Japanese officers and enlisted men stood trial for war crimes in the Marshalls. Four were executed.

Postwar
Americans tested atomic bombs at Bikini Atoll and Eniwetok Atoll Many of the locations and islands are either off limits, or accessible to only those living on the islands.

Today
On May 1, 1979 became self-governing as the Republic of the Marshall Islands. In 1986, signed a Compact of Free Association with the United States and finally trusteeship ended December 22, 1990 by United Nations Security Council Resolution 683.

Marshall Islands

Ratak Chain (Sunrise)
Taongi Atoll (Bokak)  located in the Ratak Chain in the northern Marshall Islands.
Bikar Atoll  located in the Ratak Chain in the northeastern Marshall Islands.
Utrik Atoll  located in the Ratak Chain in the northeastern Marshall Islands.
Taka Atoll (Toke, Taka)  located in the Ratak Chain in the northeastern Marshall Islands.
Ailuk Atoll  (Aelok)  located in the the Ratak Chain in the northeastern Marshall Islands.
Mejit Atoll  located in the Ratak Chain in the eastern Marshall Islands.
Jemo Island Atoll  located in the Ratak Chain in the eastern Marshall Islands.
Likiep Atoll  located in the Ratak Chain in the eastern Marshall Islands.
Wotje Atoll  located in the Ratak Chain in the eastern Marshall Islands.
Erikub Atoll  located in the Ratak Chain in the eastern Marshall Islands.
Maloelap Atoll  located in the Ratak Chain in the eastern Marshall Islands.
Aur Atoll  located in the Ratak Chain in the eastern Marshall Islands.
Majuro Atoll  located in the Ratak Chian in the southeast Marshall Islands includes Majuro the national capital.
Arno Atoll  located in the Ratak Chain in the southeast Marshall Islands.
Mili Atoll (Mille)  located in the Ratak Chain in the southeast Marshall Islands.
Knox Atoll  located in the Ratak Chain in the southeast Marshall Islands.
Ralik Chain (Sunset)
Eniwetok Atoll (Enewetak, Enewetok Eniewetok)  located in the Ralik Chain in the northwest Marshall Islands.
Bikini Atoll (Pikinni)  located in the Ralik Chain in the northwest Marshall Islands.
Ailinginae Atoll  located in the Ralik Chain in the northwest Marshall Islands.
Rongelap Atoll  located in the Ralik Chain in the northern Marshall Islands.
Rongerik Atoll  located in the Ratak Chain in the eastern Marshall Islands.
Ujelang Atoll (Wūjlan̄)  located in the Ralik Chain in the western Marshall Islands.
Wotho Atoll  located in the Ralik Chain in the western Marshall Islands.
Likiep Atoll  located in the Ralik Chain in the western Marshall Islands.
Ujae Atoll  located in the Ralik Chain in the western Marshall Islands.
Kwajalein Atoll  located in the Ralik Chain in the center of the Marshall Islands.
Lae Atoll  located in the Ralik Chain in the center of the Marshall Islands.
Namu Atoll  located in the Ralik Chain in the center of the Marshall Islands.
Jabwat Island (Jabat, Jabot, Jebat)  located in the Ralik Chain in the center of the Marshall Islands.
Ailinglaplap Atoll  located in the Ralik Chain in the center of the Marshall Islands.
Jaluit Atoll  located in the Ralik Chain in the southern Marshall Islands.
Namorik Atoll (Namdrik)  located in the Ralik Chain in the southern Marshall Islands.
Kili Island Atoll (Kōle)  located in the Ralik Chain in the southern Marshall Islands.
Ebon Atoll (Epoon)  located in the Ralik Chain in the southern Marshall Islands.

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Last Updated
January 24, 2019

 

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