Pacific Wrecks
Pacific Wrecks    
  Missing In Action (MIA) Prisoners Of War (POW) Unexploded Ordnance (UXO)  
Chronology Locations Aircraft Ships Submit Info How You Can Help Donate
 
    Banadero (Last Command Post) Saipan | CNMI USA
Click For Enlargement
Peter Ording 1999
Location
Banadero is located near the north coast of Saipan Island in the Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands (CNMI) in the Mariana Island Group (Mariana Islands) in the United States of America (USA). Also known as "Laderan Banadero". Popularly known by the misnomer "Last Japanese Command Post".

Wartime History
On July 9, 1944 from a cave in Paradise Valley Japanese Army Lt. General Saito issued the order for the remaining Japanese troops on Saipan to perform a gyokusai (honorable suicide) against American forces. On July 9, 1944 he and and Japanese Navy Admiral Nagumo committed seppuku the day Saipan was declared secure by U. S. forces.

Laderan Banadero (Suicide Cliff)
Just above the Okinawa Peace Memorial is Suicide Cliff. From this 800 foot all cliff, hundreds of Japanese soldiers jumped 250 meters to their deaths rather than surrender.

Banadero Memorial Park (Okinawa Peace Memorial)
Today, there is a memorial and several relics including a Type 95 Ha Go and guns. The Okinawa Peace Memorial is nearby. This monument was established during the late 1970s in part by the efforts of Stephen Atkin.

Type 95 Ha Go Light Tank
Displayed Banadero Memorial Park

Japanese Gun (No. 1)
Displayed at Banadero Memorial Park

Japanese Gun (No. 2)
Displayed at Banadero Memorial Park

Japanese Gun (No. 3)
Displayed at Banadero Memorial Park

Puntan Sabaneta (Banzai Cliff)
Bluff overlooking the ocean, where Japanese civilians committed suicide. just north of Suicide Cliff. Encouraged by Japanese troops, and told that they would be killed and raped by the Americans, women and children plunged to their death in sight of American soldiers who pleaded with them in Japanese not to jump. After the war surplus equipment was dumped off Banzai Cliff rather than ship it home. Divers have termed the place 'Million Dollar Hole'. Today there is a memorial and park at this location.

During 1968, a crew from the Trust Territory Department of Public Words led by Stephen Atkin collected and detonated 2,100 tons of explosives largely collected from the Marpi area and placed them at the base of "Banzai Cliff". The resulting explosion caused a wave that crashed several feet above the cliff where the crew had taken cover and nearly washed several out to sea.

References
Marianas Variety News & Views "Demolition expert Aiken dies" June 24, 1983
Pacific Daily News "Aiken had one of most explosive jobs" June 29, 1983

Contribute Information
Do you have photos or additional information to add?

Last Updated
August 25, 2018

 

Map
April 18, 1944
  Discussion Forum Daily Updates Reviews Museums Interviews & Oral Histories  
 
Pacific Wrecks Inc. All rights reserved.
Donate Now Facebook Twitter YouTube Google Plus Instagram