Guguan Island is located in the northern Mariana Islands, roughly 56km south of Alamagan and 463km north of Saipan and 124km northeast of Sarigan.
Discovered by Spanish explorers, the island was sold to Germany in 1899 and administered as part of German New Guinea. During 1909 until 1912, leased to a Japanese company. During World War I, Guguan came under the control of Japan and was officially mandaded at the end of the war.
World War II History
Occupied by the Japanese until the end of the war.
Administered by the United States as part of the Trust Territory of the Pacific Islands. Since 1978, the island has been part of the Northern Islands Municipality of the Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands. Today, the island is uninhabited.
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January 11, 2018