Guam is located at the southern end of the Mariana Islands.
Guam was an American territory with military installations.
On December 8, 1941 three hours after the attack on Pearl
Harbor, Guam was attacked by Japanese aircraft. On December 10, 1941 Japanese forces made an amphibious landing on Guam. The American forces officially surrendered the island. Afterwards, occupied by the Japanese.
During July 1944 Guam was occupied by approximately 19,000 Japanese personnel including the 31st Army Group, 29th Division (Southern Marianas Army Group)commanded by Lt. General Takashima plus Japanese Navy units. List of Japanese units on Guam.
Starting on July 8, 1944 the American aircraft and U. S. Navy warships began a thirteen day bombardment against Guam. On July 21, 1944, Guam was assaulted by the US Marine from the
3rd Amphibious Corps. The Japanese managed to contain the
attackers on the two landing beach and counterattacked, but failed to repulse the landing.
Afterwards, the Marines renewed their assault, and reached the northern
tip of Guam by August 10, 1944.
After Guam was
secured, the island was developed into a major base area with several airfields to support B-29 Superfortress operations against the Japan. Bypassed Japanese guerrilla activities continued until the end of
the Pacific War. Some Japanese holdouts remained on Guam for many years afterwards, including Sgt Soichi Yokoi who surrendered in 1972.
During 1947, a war crimes trial was conducted on Guam prosicuted by USMC Colonel Presley M. Rixey who tried those responsible responsible for the execution of American prisoners of war on Chi Chi Jima. General Yoshio Tachibana who ordered the executions and Lt. Col. Kikuji Ito who executed a prisoner
were found guilty, hanged and buried in unmarked graves on Guam.
Guam is a poplar tourist destination primarily for both Japanese and South Korean
tourists as it is only a three hour flight from both countries.
Town located in the center of Guam bordering Agana Bay and Adelup Point to the west and Saupon Point to the north. Today includes the War in the Pacific Historical Park and Agana Airfield (Guam Airport).
Main harbor located at the eastern center of Guam.
North Field (Anderson Field, Anderson AFB)
Built by US Navy Seabees as a base for B-29 Superfortress bombers
Built by U. S. Navy Seabees as a base for fighters and B-29 Superfortress bombers.
Built by American forces as a B-29 aircraft depot and maintenance base, later named Harmon Field in honor of MIA/KIA General Harmon.
Located on the western shore of Guam, north-east of Agana Bay. Tumon Beach was the site
of the 3rd Marine Division landings which
immediately came under fire from the Japanese defenses dug in on the high ground overlooking the beaches.
Located on the western coast of Guam bordering Agat Bay. To the north is Orote Point.
Borders Agat on the western coast of Guam.
Located on the western coast of Guam north of Apra Harbor.
Located on the western
shore of Guam on the Orote Peninsula, bordering Apra Harbor to the north, and Agat Bay to the south, also the site of Orote Airfield.
Located near Orote Point
Borders Orote Point used as seaport and seaplane operating area during the war.
Located on the northeastern coast of Guam.
Located on the northwest coast of Guam.
Japanese Artillery position that still exists today.
The home of Japanese
Holdout Sergeant Soichi Yokoi who hid
in the jungle between 1944 and 1972 unaware that World War II had
ended. He is one of the more famous Japanese holdouts.
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January 11, 2018