Guam Island is located in the Territory of Guam in the Southern Mariana Islands of the Mariana Island Group (Mariana Islands) is part of Micronesia in the Central Pacific. Today, Guam is a territory of the United States of America (USA). Also known simply as "Guam". Borders the Northern Mariana Islands / Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands (CNMI) to the north.
Discovered by the Spanish and claimed on January 26, 1565 and used as a port for galleons crossing the Pacific Ocean and built forts to defend the island. After the Spanish-American War,
the U. S. occupied Guam as part of the terms of the Treaty of Paris. On June 20, 1898 U. S. Navy (USN) USS Charleston (C-2) under the command of Captain Henry Glass arrived to take possession of the island. Guam was transfered to the U. S. Navy on December 23, 1898 by President William McKinley. Between 1898 until 1941,
Apra Harbor was an important American port vessels crossing the Pacific. During 1903 linked by telegraph cable telephone cable established by e Commercial Pacific Cable Company. In the 1930s, Pan American established Apra Harbor Seaplane Base to support Clipper flying boats on their trans-Pacific route from San Francisco-Manila-Hong Kong route.
On December 8, 1941 three hours after the attack on Pearl
Harbor, Guam was attacked by Japanese aircraft. On December 10, 1941 Japanese forces made an amphibious landing on Guam and occupied until 1944.
By July 1944 Guam was occupied by approximately 19,000 Japanese personnel including the 31st Army Group, 29th Division (Southern Marianas Army Group) commanded by Lt. General Takashima plus Japanese Navy units. List of Japanese units on Guam. In early July 1944 the American aircraft and warships began a thirteen day bombardment against Guam.
On July 21, 1944, Guam was assaulted by the US Marine from the
3rd Amphibious Corps and U. S. Army 77th Division. The Japanese managed to contain the
attackers on the two landing beach and counterattacked, but failed to repulse the landing.
Afterwards, the Marines renewed their assault, and reached the northern
tip of Guam by August 10, 1944.
After Guam was
secured, the island was developed into a major base area with several airfields to support B-29 Superfortress operations against the Japan. Bypassed Japanese guerrilla activities continued until the end of
the Pacific War. Some Japanese holdouts remained on Guam for many years afterwards, including Sgt Soichi Yokoi who surrendered in 1972.
During 1947, a war crimes trial was conducted on Guam prosecuted by USMC Colonel Presley M. Rixey who tried those responsible responsible for the execution of American prisoners of war on Chi Chi Jima. General Yoshio Tachibana who ordered the executions and Lt. Col. Kikuji Ito who executed a prisoner
were found guilty, hanged and buried in unmarked graves on Guam.
Guam is a poplar tourist destination primarily for both Japanese and South Korean
tourists as it is only a three hour flight from both countries.
Guam Island Locations
Agana (Hagåtña, Hagatna) located on the west coast of Guam
Agana Bay (Hagåtña, Hagatna) located on the west coast of Guam Island landing by USMC July 21, 1944
Agat located on the western coast of Guam Island landing by USMC July 21, 1944.
Agat Bay located on the western coast of Guam Island south of Orote Point.
Asan located on the western coast of Guam Island.
Apra Harbor borders the western coast of Guam Island.
Orote Point (Orote Peninsula) located on the western coast of Guam Island.
Sumay located near Orote Point on Guam Island.
Tumon Bay located on the western coast of Guam Island, 3rd Marine Division landings
Guam Island Airfields and Seaplane Bases
Agana Airfield (Antonio B. Won Pat Airport, Guam Airport) located at the center of Guam, still in use today.
North Field (Andersen AFB) located near Pati Point on the northeast end of Guam Island.
Orote Airfield (Orote Point) located on Orote Point on the west coast of Guam Island.
Northwest Field located at the northwest corner of Guam Island, now an auxiliary field for Andersen AFB.
Depot Field (Harmon Field) located at the northwest corner of Guam Island.
Apra Harbor Seaplane Base located in Apra Harbor on Guam Island.
Located on the northeastern coast of Guam.
Located on the northwest coast of Guam.
Japanese gun position at this location.
The home of Japanese
Holdout Sergeant Soichi Yokoi who hid
in the jungle between 1944 and 1972 unaware that World War II had
ended. He is one of the more famous Japanese holdouts.
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May 25, 2019