Pacific Wrecks
Pacific Wrecks   Donate Now  
Search Chronology Locations Aircraft Vessels Missing In Action (MIA)
 
    Guam  Mariana Islands

Location
Guam is located at the southern end of the Mariana Islands.

Prewar
Guam was an American territory with military installations.

Wartime History
On December 8, 1941 three hours after the attack on Pearl Harbor, Guam was attacked by Japanese aircraft. On December 10, 1941 Japanese forces made an amphibious landing on Guam. The American forces officially surrendered the island. Afterwards, occupied by the Japanese.

During July 1944 Guam was occupied by approximately 19,000 Japanese personnel including the 31st Army Group, 29th Division (Southern Marianas Army Group)commanded by Lt. General Takashima plus Japanese Navy units. List of Japanese units on Guam.

Starting on July 8, 1944 the American aircraft and U. S. Navy warships began a thirteen day bombardment against Guam. On July 21, 1944, Guam was assaulted by the US Marine from the 3rd Amphibious Corps. The Japanese managed to contain the attackers on the two landing beach and counterattacked, but failed to repulse the landing. Afterwards, the Marines renewed their assault, and reached the northern tip of Guam by August 10, 1944.

After Guam was secured, the island was developed into a major base area with several airfields to support B-29 Superfortress operations against the Japan. Bypassed Japanese guerrilla activities continued until the end of the Pacific War. Some Japanese holdouts remained on Guam for many years afterwards, including Sgt Soichi Yokoi who surrendered in 1972.

Postwar
During 1947, a war crimes trial was conducted on Guam prosicuted by USMC Colonel Presley M. Rixey who tried those responsible responsible for the execution of American prisoners of war on Chi Chi Jima. General Yoshio Tachibana who ordered the executions and Lt. Col. Kikuji Ito who executed a prisoner were found guilty, hanged and buried in unmarked graves on Guam.

Today
Guam is a poplar tourist destination primarily for both Japanese and South Korean tourists as it is only a three hour flight from both countries.

Agana
Town located in the center of Guam bordering Agana Bay and Adelup Point to the west and Saupon Point to the north. Today includes the War in the Pacific Historical Park and Agana Airfield (Guam Airport).

Apra Harbor
Main harbor located at the eastern center of Guam.

North Field (Anderson Field, Anderson AFB)
Built by US Navy Seabees as a base for B-29 Superfortress bombers

Northwest Field
Built by U. S. Navy Seabees as a base for fighters and B-29 Superfortress bombers.

Depot Field (Harmon Field)
Built by American forces as a B-29 aircraft depot and maintenance base, later named Harmon Field in honor of MIA/KIA General Harmon.

Tumon Bay
Located on the western shore of Guam, north-east of Agana Bay. Tumon Beach was the site of the 3rd Marine Division landings which immediately came under fire from the Japanese defenses dug in on the high ground overlooking the beaches.

Agat
Located on the western coast of Guam bordering Agat Bay. To the north is Orote Point.

Agat Bay
Borders Agat on the western coast of Guam.

Asan
Located on the western coast of Guam north of Apra Harbor.

Orote Point
Located on the western shore of Guam on the Orote Peninsula, bordering Apra Harbor to the north, and Agat Bay to the south, also the site of Orote Airfield.

Sumay
Located near Orote Point

Apra Harbor
Borders Orote Point used as seaport and seaplane operating area during the war.

Pati Point
Located on the northeastern coast of Guam.

Ritidian Point
Located on the northwest coast of Guam.

Piti Point
Japanese Artillery position that still exists today.

Yokoi's Cave
The home of Japanese Holdout Sergeant Soichi Yokoi who hid in the jungle between 1944 and 1972 unaware that World War II had ended. He is one of the more famous Japanese holdouts.

Contribute Information
Do you have photos or additional information to add?

Last Updated
August 14, 2017

 

Map
Map
    All rights reserved.  
  Pacific Wrecks Inc. is a non-profit 501(c)(3) charity dedicated to bringing home those Missing In Action (MIA) and leveraging new technologies in the study of World War II Pacific and the Korean War.  
Facebook Twitter YouTube Google Plus Instagram
 
Forum Updates People Museums Reviews Submit Info How You Can Help