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    Nomonhan (Nomonhan Obo) Hulunbuir Province Manchuria (Manchukuo) | China

Location
Located to the east of the Khalkhin Gol, along the Holsten River, on the border between Manchuria (Manchukuo) and Mongolia. To the northeast is Lake Abutara (Abutara-ko). Also spelled "Nomon-han-burd-obo" or "Nomonhan Obo". Site of a obo (marker) and a small village or settlement consisting of yurts erected by Nomadic people grazing in the area.

Nomonhan Obo was situated atop a small hill (barkhan), roughly 45m tall near the Khalastin Gol (Holsten River). In the vicinity were small swamp areas and ravines.

Wartime History
During the late 1930s, the border between Mongolia and Manchukuo (Manchuria) was disputed. Mongolia and the Soviet Union claimed the border was east of the village of Nomonhan, while the Japanese claimed it was along the Khalkhin Gol (Khalkhin River).

During early May 1939, seven Manchukuoan policemen were stationed at Nomonhan, and an observation post was established at this site, with Manchukuoan guards to watch the border.

At the start of the Battle of Khalkhin Gol / Nomonhan Incident during early May 1939, Mongolian cavalry crossed the Khalkhin Gol into the border area. Manchukuon and Japanese forces responded by occupying the disputed area.

During August 1939, the Japanese had a field hospital at this location. Aso, Miyao’s Type 90 75mm Field Guns were emplaced south of the Holsten River at Nomonhan and fired on the enemy to the west and covered the withdrawal of Japanese forces during late August 1939.

Today
The precise location of Nomonhan today is unclear. To the east the border between China (Manchuria) and Mongolia and is a restricted zone.

There appears to be nothing at the 1939 site of Nomonhan, southwest of Abutara-ko (Abutara Lake).

There is a large settlement the northern side of Abutara-ko listed as "Nuomen Hanbu Ride Sumu". Roughly 3km due south of Abutara-ko is "Bayin Buride Gacha".

References
Nomonhan page 809
Japanese Studies on Manchuria: Volume XI Part 3 Book B, page 184, 206-207

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Last Updated
February 4, 2018

 

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