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    Mukden (Fengtian, Shenyang) Liaoning Province Manchuria (Manchukuo) | China
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1931
Location
Lat 41°44′N Long 123°53′E  Mukden is located at an elevation of 147' / 44m in the Liaoning Region of northern China. Between 1933–1945 the city was known by its Chinese name "Fengtian" and was part of the Empire of Manchukuo. Known as "Mukden" in Manchu and in English language sources. Today known as Shenyang  沈阳 in Liaoning Province in the People's Republic of China.

Wartime History
On September 18, 1931 the "Mukden Incident" took place giving the Japanese Kwangtung Army the pretext to create the state of Manchukuo. During the Manchukuo era 1933-1945, the Japanese developed the city into a heavy industry center.

During December 1944, American B-29 Superfortress bombed Mukden from their forward bases at Chengtu Airfield, but inflict little damage.

American missions against Mukden
December 7, 1944–December 21, 1944

During the Soviet Union's "August Storm" Red Army forces occupied the city in early August 1945, and were replaced by the Nationalist Chinese, flown in on US transport planes. During the Chinese Civil War, Shenyang remained a Kuomintang stronghold from 1946–1948, although the Chinese communists controlled the surrounding countryside. It was captured by the communists on 30 October 1948 following a series of offensives known as the Liaoshen Campaign.

Manchuria Airplane Manufacturing Company
Located at Mukden

Mukden Arsenal
Japanese Army arsenal

Mukden Airfield (North Airfield)
Prewar airfield used by Manchukuoan and JAAF

Mukden Airfield (East Airfield)
Prewar airfield used by Manchukuoan and JAAF

Mukden Airfield (West Airfield)
Prewar airfield used by Manchukuoan and JAAF

September 18th History Museum (Mukden Incident Museum)
Opened by the People's Republic of China on September 18, 1991. Also known as the "9.18 Incident Exhibition Museum", takes the position that the incident was initiated by the Japanese.

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Last Updated
October 23, 2019

 

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