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    Mukden (Fengtian, Shenyang) Liaoning Prov Manchuria (Manchukuo) | China
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1931

Location
41°44′N 123°53′E  Located in the Liaoning Region. During 1933 - 1945, the city was known by its Chinese name "Fengtian" but called "Mukden" in English. Also known as Shenyang.

Wartime History
On September 18, 1931 the "Mukden Incident" took place giving the Japanese Kwangtung Army the pretext to create the state of Manchukuo. During the Manchukuo era 1933-1945, the Japanese developed the city into a heavy industry center.

Twice during December 1944, American B-29 Superfortresses bombed Mukden from their forward bases at Chengtu Airfield, but inflict little damage.

American missions aganist Mukden
December 7 - 21, 1944

December 7, 1944
(20th AF) Mission 19: 108 B-29s, operating from Chengtu bomb the Manchuria Airplane Manufacturing Company and Mukden arsenal at Mukden.

December 21, 1944
(20th AF) Mission 23: 49 B-29s from Chengtu are dispatched to attack Mukden; 19 hit the Manchuria Airplane Manufacturing Company) but it suffers little damage and a nearby Mukden Arsenal and rail yards are slightly damaged; 8 other B-29s bomb alternate targets and targets of opportunity; they claim 21-6-19 Japanese aircraft; 2 B-29s are lost.

During the Soviet Union's "August Storm" Red Army forces occupied the city in early August 1945, and were replaced by the Nationalist Chinese, flown in on US transport planes. During the Chinese Civil War, Shenyang remained a Kuomintang stronghold from 1946–1948, although the Chinese communists controlled the surrounding countryside. It was captured by the communists on 30 October 1948 following a series of offensives known as the Liaoshen Campaign.

Manchuria Airplane Manufacturing Company
Located at Mukden

Mukden Arsenal
Japanese Army arsenal

Mukden Airfield (North Airfield)
Prewar airfield used by Manchukuoan and JAAF

Mukden Airfield (East Airfield)
Prewar airfield used by Manchukuoan and JAAF

Mukden Airfield (West Airfield)
Prewar airfield used by Manchukuoan and JAAF

September 18th History Museum (Mukden Incident Museum)
Opened by the People's Republic of China on September 18, 1991. Also known as the "9.18 Incident Exhibition Museum", takes the position that the incident was initiated by the Japanese.

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Last Updated
August 25, 2018

 

Map
1944
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