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    Harbin Heilongjiang Province Manchuria (Manchukuo) | China
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c1930

Location
Lat 45°45′N Long 126°38′E  City in northern Manchuria.

Wartime History
After the Manchurian Incident in 1931, Japanese forces occupied Harbin and the vicinity on February 4, 1932. In 1935 the Soviet Union sold the KVZhD railway to the Japanese, and many Russians living in Harbin departed the city.

During the Battle of Khalkin Gol / Nomonhan Incident, a total of 87 Soviet prisoners were detained at a stockade at Harbin, and returned to Soviet lines on September 27, 1939.

Harbin was one of the initial objectives of the Soviet "August Storm" offensive. On August 20, 1945, the city was occupied by Soviet forces. Chinese Kuomintang troops stopped 60km short of the city.

Isshi Unit / Unit 731
Based in the Harbin suburb of Heibo (Pingfan). During 1937, the unit was engaged in EWSD Endemic Water Supply Department.

Postwar
During August 1945, Soviet forces entered Manchuria and gave the Chinese communists control over most of the area. The city's administration was transferred to the Chinese People's Liberation Army during April 1946. Harbin was the first major city to be controlled by the Communist.

Harbin Airfield (No. 1)
Prewar airfield used by Manchukuoan and JAAF

Harbin Airfield (No. 2)
Prewar airfield used by Manchukuoan and JAAF

Harbin Airfield (No. 3)
Prewar airfield used by Manchukuoan and JAAF

References
Nomonhan page 930-931
Political Situation Prior To Outbreak of War, Part I page 5

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Last Updated
October 23, 2019

 

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