Pacific Wrecks
Pacific Wrecks    
  Missing In Action (MIA) Prisoners Of War (POW) Unexploded Ordnance (UXO)  
Chronology Locations Aircraft Ships Submit Info How You Can Help Donate
 
    Hailar (Haylar, Hailaerh) Hulunbuir Province Manchuria (Manchukuo) | China
Click For Enlargement
c1930s

Location
Lat 119.73E Long 49.21N. Located in western Manchuria, present day China, to the east of Kulun Nor. To the north is the Hailar River. Further to the west is the border with Mongolia. Known to Russians as "Haylar". Also spelled "Hailaerh" or "Khailar".

Connected by rail road line to Manchouli to the west and eastward to Poketu and Tsitsihar. In early 1939, an unimproved sand and grass road spanned from Hailar to Chianghunmiao. This road was used as a supply route by the Japanese during the Battle of Khalkhin Gol / Nomonhan Incident during May-September 1939.

Wartime History
After the Manchurian Incident in 1931, Japanese forces occupied Hailar and Manchouli on Decmeber 5, 1932.

During 1935, the Japanese 13th Cavalry Group commanded by Lt. General Shigeru was based at Hailar. On January 27, 1935 a force from this group deployed troops to Halhamiao (Khalkhin-sume).

During 1938, headquarters of the Japanese Kwantung Army's 23rd Division and 8th Border Guards Unit (BGU). Also, the Manchukuaon Army's Hsingan Division and Hsingan Cavalry Division with four regiments.

On May 12, 1939, Mongolians crossed the Khalkhin Gol which the Japanese claimed as their border with Mongolia to the west of Nomohan, the 23rd DIvision requisitioned motor vehicles in Hailar for the Azuma Detachment, leaving no military vehicles or motor vehilces in Hailar.

During September 1942, a Japanese monument to war dead was dedicated at Hailar to the memory of 10,391 Kwantung Army soldiers who had died since the Mukden Incident (9,471 Japanese and 202 Manchurians dead at Nomonhan).

6th Army headquarters commanded by General Ogisu was based at Hailar until August 23, when it moved forward to Lake Mohorehi and returned on October 28, after the battle and ceasefire battlefield cleanup.

Unit 543 operated by Kempeitai (miltary police) were based at Hailar to develop biological weapons.

During the Soviet Union's "August Storm" the city was a major objective of the Russian offensive, reached on August 11, 1945, but 3,827 troops in heavily fortified defenses trenches and pillboxes, did not surrender until August 18, 1945.

Hailar Airfield (Haylar)
Prewar airfield used by Manchukuoan and JAAF

References
Nomonhan Japanese-Soviet Tactical Combat, 1939 pages 24, 27
Nomonhan page 150, 690, 914
Political Situation Prior To Outbreak of War, Part I page 6
Japanese Studies on Manchuria: Volume XI Part 2, page 14-15, 17, 19, 49 & 51 (maps)
Japanese Studies on Manchuria: Volume XI Part 3, page 182-183, 215

Contribute Information
Do you have photos or additional information to add?

Last Updated
August 25, 2018

 

Map
1944
  Discussion Forum Daily Updates Reviews Museums Interviews & Oral Histories  
 
Pacific Wrecks Inc. All rights reserved.
Donate Now Facebook Twitter YouTube Google Plus Instagram