Located in western Manchuria, near the border with Mongolia. Northwest of the Greater Hsingan Mountains and east of the Khalkhin Gol. In Russian, spelled "Halun-Arshaan" or "Arshaan". Today known as "Arxan".
The Japanese built Paichengtzu-Arshaan railroad line connects to the south-east to Wuchakou and Paichengtzu then onward to Hsinking and northwest to Handagai. Reportedly, another railroad line heading northward to Hailar was under construction during 1944.
During the May-September, 1939 Battle of Khalkhin Gol / Nomonhan Incident this town and its railroad station were important rear area staging base, moving troops and supplies northward to the conflict area.
After September 20, one brigade of the 6th Army remained at Arshan to guard railroad construction during the winter months of 1939.
Nomonhan page 884
Nomonhan Japanese-Soviet Tactical Combat, 1939 pages 6 (map 9)
Japanese Studies on Manchuria: Volume XI Part 3 Book B, page 210
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February 4, 2018