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Lat 35° 41' 6N Long 139° 45' 5E Tokyo is located in the Keihin Region in the Kantō Region of Honshū in Japan. Borders Tokyo Bay to the south. Tōkyō means "Eastern Capital" and is the capital of Japan. During 1943, Tokyo Metropolis was formed by the merger of Tokyo Prefecture (東京府) and the city of Tokyo plus the Izu Islands and Ogasawara Subprefecture.
Tokyo was an important urban city during the war, with many factories and industries including the Tokyo Arsenal, Musashino (Musashi) aircraft plant and Nakajima Aircraft plant.
On April 18, 1942 during the "Doolittle Raid" the city was first bombed by B-25 Mitchells. Although the raid caused little damage the psychological impact was profound, but no further bombings materialized until late November 1944 when Tokyo was in range of B-29 Superfortress based in the Mariana Islands.
Tokyo's industrial targets were bombed and incendiary "fire bombing" targeted the largely wood and paper homes in the densely populated urban areas and light industry. On March 10, 1945 during the predawn hours, 279 B-29 dropped incendiaries over Tokyo destroying 15.8 square miles and about one-fourth of the city's buildings. In that single raid, 83,793 died and 40,918 wounded. This death total is the highest of any single day's action during the war and exceeded the deaths caused by the atomic bomb on Hiroshima.
Starting in February 1945, US Navy carrier aircraft fly missions over Tokyo and by April 1945 P-51D Mustangs from Iwo Jima fly missions. Japanese anti-aircraft and aircraft defended the city until the end of hostilities on August 15, 1945.
American missions against Tokyo
National Science Museum
Jinja (Yasukuni Shrine)
Yūshūkan (Yasukuni Museum)
Maritime Science Museum
Dai-Ichi Seimei Building (GHQ)
General MacArthur's Residence
Omori POW Camp
Tokyo POW Camp (Shinjuku)
Tokyo Area Airfields
Irumagawa Airfield (Johnson AFB)
Toyooka Airfield (Sakato)
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