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    Tokyo 東京 Tokyo Metropolis | Honshū Japan

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USAAF c1946

Location
Lat 35° 41' 6N Long 139° 45' 5E  Tokyo is located in the Keihin Region inside the Kantō Region of Honshū, bordering Tokyo Bay to the south.  Tōkyō means "Eastern Capital" and is the capital of Japan. During 1943, Tokyo Metropolis was formed by the merger of Tokyo Prefecture (東京府) and the city of Tokyo plus the Izu Islands and Ogasawara Subprefecture.

Wartime History
Tokyo was an important urban city during the war, with many factories and industries including the Tokyo Arsenal, Musashino (Musashi) aircraft plant and Nakajima Aircraft plant.

On April 18, 1942 during the "Doolittle Raid" the city was first bombed by B-25 Mitchells. Although the raid caused little damage the psychological impact was profound, but no further bombings materialized until late November 1944 when Tokyo was in range of B-29 Superfortress based in the Mariana Islands.

Tokyo's industrial targets were bombed and incendiary "fire bombing" targeted the largely wood and paper homes in the densely populated urban areas and light industry. On March 10, 1945 during the predawn hours, 279 B-29 dropped incendiaries over Tokyo destroying 15.8 square miles and about one-fourth of the city's buildings. In that single raid, 83,793 died and 40,918 wounded. This death total is the highest of any single day's action during the war and exceeded the deaths caused by the atomic bomb on Hiroshima.

Starting in February 1945, US Navy carrier aircraft fly missions over Tokyo and by April 1945 P-51D Mustangs from Iwo Jima fly missions. Japanese anti-aircraft and aircraft defended the city until the end of hostilities on August 15, 1945.

American missions against Tokyo
April 18, 1942 - August 15, 1945

Tokyo National Science Museum
Museum with Zero fighter on display

Yasukuni Jinja (Yasukuni Shrine)
This is a shrine and museum of Japan's military history

Yūshūkan (Yasukuni Museum)
Military museum located at Yasukuni

Tokyo Maritime Science Museum
(Formally) H8K Emily flying boat on display

Dai-Ichi Seimei Building (GHQ)
General MacArthur's Headquarters in Tokyo known as Supreme Commander of the Allied Powers (SCAP), but the location was most commonly known as GHQ (General Headquarters). Today part of the DN Tower 21 building and is designated a historical site.

General MacArthur's Residence
1-10-5 Akasaka, Minato-ku
Tel: 3-3224-5000
The house where MacArthur lived and often worked during the occupation is just behind the American Embassy. It's now the U.S. Ambassador's residence. From Tameike-sanno Station on the Ginza Line, walk 5 to 10 minutes southeast, across the Metropolitan Expressway.

Omori POW Camp
Located at Omori near Tokyo

Tokyo POW Camp (Shinjuku)
Located at Shinjuku

Tokyo Area Airfields
Tokyo was the basis of training and some aircraft manufacture during the war.  As attacks on Japan began in 1945, the airfield were the core of home defense, and the region became known as a the Kanto Air Defense sector for fighters and special attack aircraft (Kamikazes) against American attacks.

Atsugi Airfield
Located to the south-west of Tokyo

Irumagawa Airfield (Johnson AFB)
Prewar airfield, used by Americans postwar and returned to Japan in 1960s

Tokorozawa Airfield
Located to the north of Tokorozawa, towards Tokyo

Haneda Airfield
Prewar airfield used during the war, still in use today

Kisarazu Airfield
Wartime airfield

Tachikawa Airfield
Wartime airfield

Showa Airfield
Wartime airfield

Narimasu Airfield
Wartime airfield

Toyooka Airfield (Sakato)
Wartime airfield

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Last Updated
October 1, 2017

 

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