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    Okinawa Island 沖縄本島 Okinawa Prefecture Japan
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USN April 1945

Location
Lat 26° 20' 15N Long 127° 48' 9E  Okinawa Island is the largest island in the the Okinawa Islands and the Ryukyu Islands (Nansei) in the Okinawa Prefecture in southern Japan. Also known as Okinawa-hontō or Okinawa Jima.

is located 700 miles north of the Philippines, and only 300 miles from the tip of Japanese home islands. Ie Shima is located offshore that was also an important battlefield and base. Also known as simply as Okinawa.

Wartime History
On April 1, 1945 at 08:30am US Army and US Marine Corps troops land on Okinawa. The defense of the island was divided into three strong Japanese defense lines where hidden guns, machine guns and bunkers covered approaches and fields. Soldiers on the ground fought a grueling battle to occupy the island. The Navy and its support ships where hit by kamikaze attacks from the air. The ground battle lasted 83 days, until Okinawa was declared secured on June 22, 1945.

American and Japanese missions against Okinawa
October 10, 1944 - May 14, 1945

Casualties
The Battle of Okinawa resulted in 40,000 US casualties (7,600 dead or missing). Of the 120,00 Japanese defenders, only 10,000 surrendered, the rest fought to the death. Intense An estimated 200,000 total were killed, including many Japanese civilians caught in the battle, with the military or committed suicide.

Okinawa Island
Okinawa Island  largest island in Okinawa Prefecture, American landing on April 1, 1945 developed into base area.
Naha (Nawa, Nafa)  located in the southwestern corner of Okinawa, largest city includes Naha Airfield.
Shuri (Shui, Syuri)  located in the center of southern Okinawa, site of Shuri Castle.
Moshinawa (Machinato)  located in the center of the western coast of Okinawa, Moshinawa Airfield.
Sobe (Subi, Suhi)  located on the western coast toward the center of Okinawa includes Yontan Airfield.
Kadena (Katena)  located on the western coast toward the center of Okinawa includes Kadena Airfield.
Itoman (Ichuman)  located in the southern Okinawa including Buckner Monument and Peace Memorial Museum.
Yonabaru (Yonahara, Yunabaru, Yonawa)  located on the eastern coast of southern Okinawa.
Okinawa Island Airfields
Naha Airfield  still in use today as Naha Airport
Bolo Airfield  located at Bolo Point on the western coast of Okinawa.
Moshinawa Airfield (Machinato)  located near Naha.
Yontan Airfield (Okinawa Airport)  located near Sobe on the western coast of Okinawa.
Kadena Airfield (Kadena AFB)  located at Kadena near Yontan on the western coast of Okinawa.
Yonabaru Airfield (NAS Yonabaru)  located near Yonabaru on the eastern coast of the southern Okinawa Island.

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Last Updated
August 25, 2018

 

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