Mount Suribachi is a volcanic cone with a 550' elevation at the summit, located at the southwestern tip of Iwo Jima.
Known as "Surabachi" or "Mt. Surabachi". Known as "Suribachiyama" in Japanese.
During the Pacific War, Japanese dug tunnels, caves and fighting positions into Mount Suribachi, overlooked the likely invasion beaches on the southern coast. When American forces landed on Iwo Jima on February 19, 1945 these defenses were able to inflict terrible casualties to the landing force. Before and during the invasion, Mount Suribachi was heavily bombed by American aircraft, Navy warships and heavy weapons.
By February 23, 1945 at 10:00am, U. S. Marines reached the summit of Mount Suribachi and raised an American flag that became known as the "First Flag Raising". Later that day, another group of Marines raised a larger flag that became known as the "Second Flag Raising".
First Flag Raising
On February 23, 1945 at 10:00am the summit was captured by the U. S. Marines Corps (USMC) Easy Company, 28th Regiment, 5th Marine Division. Spontaneously, they raised a small American flag on a metal pipe found on the summit. This flag was visible at the invasion beach and aboard support ships and was inspiration to every American who could see the flag.
Second Flag Raising
Later that day, another group climbed to the summit of Suribachi to raise a larger flag that would be more visible. This flag raising was photographed by Joseph
Rosenthal a photographer with the Associated Press (AP) and is regarded as one of the most iconic images of World War II in the Pacific.
Mount Suribachi Memorial (USMC Memorial)
This memorial has been maintained since the war and is located at the summit of Mount Suribachi. Also known as USMC Memorial. Each year, used by Americans visiting the island for memorial services and a flag raising to commemorate the Battle of Iwo Jima.
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February 4, 2018