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Papua Province encompasses a portion of Western New Guinea. Prewar and during the Pacific War, part of Dutch New Guinea (DNG) forming the western portion of the Netherlands East Indies (NEI). Following Indonesian Independence, the area became known as Irian Jaya. Since 2002, Irian Jaya divided into Papua and West Papua Province (Papua Barat, West Irian Jaya). Papua Province borders Papua New Guinea (PNG) to the east and West Papua (Papua Barat, West Irian) to the west. Known in as "Provinsi Papua" in Indonesian.
On March 5, 1942 Imperial General Headquarters under Navy Directive No. 62 ordered Commander-in-Chief, Combined Fleet, upon completion of the Java operation, to annihilate the remaining enemy force in the Dutch New Guinea and to occupy strategic points of that territory. The objectives of the occupation were to survey the country for possible sites for air bases, anchorages and oilfields, as well to secure a good communication and supply line with British New Guinea. The Japanese claimed zero casualties in their occupation of the area. The area was the site of several daring island hopping amphibious landings by Americans, but the history of operations in this region are less known than more "famous" battles in Papua New Guinea. Many of the Japanese troops in this area were isolated until the end of the war, to starve or otherwise bypassed by Allied island hopping and attacked from the air.
Biak Numfor Regency
Schouten Island Group (Schouten Archipelago) located in Geelvink Bay includes Biak, Yapen, Noemfoor
Biak Island located north of New Guinea, liberated by U. S. Army developed into an airfield and base area
Bosnik (Bosnek, Soriari) located on the southern coast of Biak, initial U. S. Army landing on May 27, 1944
Japanese Cave on Biak (Goa Jepang, Gojep) natural cave located on southern Biak Island
Borokoe (Boroekoe, Borokoe) located on the southern coast of Biak includes Borokoe Airfield (Borokoe Drome)
Sorido (Sorrido, Insirom, Insrom) located on the southern coast of Biak includes Sorido Airfield
Mokmer located on the southern coast of Biak includes Mokmer Airfield (Frans Kaisiepo)
Owi Island located north of New Guinea, liberated by U. S. Army and developed into Owi Airfield
Noemfoor Island (Noemfoer Noemfor, Numfor) north of New Guinea liberated and developed into airfields
Kamiri (Kamirt, Kamiri) located on the northwest coast of Noemfoor Island including Kamiri Airfield
Kornasoren located on the northern coast of Noemfoor Island including Kornasoren Airfield (Yebrurro)
Namber located on the western coast of Noemfoor Island including Namber Airfield
Bani Point located on Noemfoor Island
Mios Woendi atoll ten miles south of Biak, PT Boat base
Geelvink Bay (Cenderawasih Bay) large bay between New Guinea and Biak Island
Padaidori Island Group located to the southeast of Biak Island
Nusi Island part of the Padaidori Island Group
Hollandia (Jayapura) located on the north coast of western New Guinea, capital of Papua Province
Cape Soeadja located on the northern end of Humbolt Bay
Humbolt Bay (Yos Sudarso Bay) located to the east of Hollandia
Tanahmerah Bay (Tanah Merah Bay) located to the east of Hollandia
Cape Tanahmerah borders Tanahmerah on the north coast of New Guinea
Sentani located to the southwest of Hollandia north of Lake Sentani
Lake Sentani large freshwater lake near Sentani and Hollandia
Cyclops located to the west of Hollandia|
Pim located to the south of Hollandia
Depapre located to the south of Tanahmerah Bay
Poee (Pue) located at the southeast arm of Lake Sentani
Tami located to the east of Humbolt Bay and Hollandia
Balim known as ''Shangri-La'' a hidden valley in Highlands
Merauke located near the southern tip of New Guinea
Kombieti (Kombre, Kombere) located near the southern tip of New Guinea
Timoeka (Timuka, Timika) located on the southern coast of New Guinea
Keawkwa located on the southern coast of New Guinea
Nabire located on the north coast of New Guinea south of Biak Island.
Puncak Jaya Regency
Carstenz Range mountain range in central Irian Jaya.
Sarmi (Sarmo, Kota Sarmi) located on the north coast of New Guinea includes postwar Sarmi Airport.
Mondoeruaear Island located to the east of Sarmi.
Sawar located to the southwest of Sarmi includes Sawar Airfield
Maffin Bay located on the north coast of New Guinea.
Maffin (Maffin No. 1) borders Maffin Bay on the north coast of New Guinea includes Maffin Airfield.
Lone Tree Hill located to the west of Maffin overlooking Maffin Bay defended by the Japanese.
Arara located on the north coast of New Guinea unopposed us landing, southeast of Maffin Bay.
Toem (Tum) located on the north coast of New Guinea across from Wakde Island.
Wakde Island captured by the U. S. Army and developed into Wakde Airfield.
Insoemanai Island (Insoemar) small island near Wakde Island.
Amisira inland village near the north coast of New Guinea.
Supiori Island located to the northwest of Biak
Mapia Island Group (Mapia Atoll) located north of the equator
Pegun Island (Mapia) located at the southern end of Mapia Island Group
Teba located at the mouth of the Mamberamo River on the north coast of New Guinea
Lake Rombebai inland lake along the Mamberamo River.
Yapen Islands Regency
Yapen (Japen) large island off the coast of New Guinea
Yapen Strait (Japen Strait) located between Yapen (Japen) and Biak Island
Seroei (Serui) located on the southern coast of Yapen
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