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    Ambon Island Maluku Province (Provinsi Maluku) Indonesia

Lat 3° 43' 0S Long 128° 11' 60E  Ambon Island is located in Molucca Island Group (Molucca Islands). To the north is Ceram (Seram) and to the east is Haroekoe Island (Harakoe). During the Pacfic War, known as "Amboyna" by the Japanese and "Ambon" by the Allies. Prewar and during the Pacific War located in the Netherlands East Indies (NEI). Today located in Maluku Province (Moluccas Islands) in Indonesia.

Ambon Island was a Portuguese settlement founded in 1521, taken over by the Dutch in 1605, alternating between British and Dutch administration until in 1814 restored to the Dutch.

Wartime History
On January 15, 1942 the last remaining Dutch fighter aircraft were shot down leaving the airspace open. On January 16, 1942 a daylight raid destroyed Hudsons and inflicted casualties on the ground. On January 24, 1942 when the Japanese landed at Kendari, thirty-five aircraft carrier aircraft from Soryu and Hiryu attacked Ambon. Two other carriers, Shokaku and Zuikaku were supporting the attack against Rabual. After January 28, 1942 the last few remaining serviceable Hudsons were evacuated. No air or naval support would defend Ambon.

Japanese Landings
During the night of January 30, 1942 two Japanese forces landed on Ambon: Japanese Special Navy Landing Force (SNLF) at Hitu-Iama and a Japanese Army regiment on the southern coast at Laitimor. Only a few Dutch detachments were in the area to defend. At Hitu-Iama on the north coast the defenders were quickly overwhelmed. Other landings occurred around Hutumori, here the Japanese split westward to the town, and northward to Paso using captured Ambonese compelled to act as guides. By February 2, the defenders had been pushed down upon the coastline of the bay with Japanese naval ships and seaplanes machine-gunning the roads and it became apparent that officers and men were exhausted from continual fighting. On the morning of February 3, 1942 the Japanese occupied Laha and Scott concluded that if he stayed in this position he would be bombed and strafed, he therefore dispatched the battalion medical officer, Captain Aitken, to obtain terms of surrender with the enemy.

Ambon was occupied by the Japanese for the remainder of the Pacific War.

Dutch defensive fortifications were located at Paso.

Ambon (Ambon Town, Amboyna, Amboina)
Located on the north coast of the Laitimor Peninsula, includes the Ambon War Cemetery.

Locate to the northeast of Ambon, on the nothern side of Ambon Bay.

Located on the coast along Ambon Bay. Prewar airfield at this location

Located on the coast along Ambon Bay. Prewar airfield at this location

PBY-5 Catalina Bureau Number 2309 Number 16
Shot down February 15, 1942 over Ambon by Japanese fighters

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Last Updated
July 28, 2019


Aug 4, 1944


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