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    Papua Province (Provinsi Papua, Irian Jaya, Dutch New Guinea)  Indonesia

Location
Papua Province encompasses a portion of Western New Guinea. Prewar and during the Pacific War, this area was known as "Dutch New Guinea". Following Indonesian Independence, the area became known as Irian Jaya Province. Since 2002, Irian Jaya divided into Papua and West Papua Province (Papua Barat, West Irian Jaya). Papua Province borders Papua New Guinea (PNG) to the east and West Papua (Papua Barat, West Irian) to the west. Known in Indonesian as Provinsi Papua.

History
On March 5, 1942 Imperial General Headquarters by Navy Directive No. 62 ordered Commander-in-Chief, Combined Fleet, upon completion of the Java operation, to annihilate the remaining enemy force in the Dutch New Guinea and to occupy strategic points of that territory. The objectives of the occupation were to survey the country for possible sites for air bases, anchorages and oilfields, as well to secure a good communication and supply line with British New Guinea. The Japanese claimed zero casualties in their occupation of the area. The area was the site of several daring island hopping amphibious landings by Americans, but the history of operations in this region are less known than more "famous" battles in Papua New Guinea. Many of the Japanese troops in this area were isolated until the end of the war, to starve or otherwise bypassed by Allied island hopping and attacked from the air.

Biak Numfor Regency
Schouten Island Group (Schouten Archipelago)  located in Geelvink Bay includes Biak, Yapen, Noemfoor
Biak Island  located north of New Guinea, liberated by U. S. Army developed into an airfield and base area
Bosnik  located on the southern coast of Biak, site of the initial U. S. Army landing on May 27, 1944
Borokoe (Boroekoe, Borokoe)  located on the southern coast of Biak includes Borokoe Airfield (Borokoe Drome)
Sorido (Sorrido, Insirom, Insrom)  located on the southern coast of Biak includes Sorido Airfield
Mokmer  located on the southern coast of Biak includes Mokmer Airfield (Frans Kaisiepo)
Owi Island  located north of New Guinea, liberated by U. S. Army and developed into Owi Airfield
Noemfoor Island (Noemfoer Noemfor, Numfor)  north of New Guinea liberated and developed into airfields
Kamiri (Kamirt, Kamiri)  located on the northwest coast of Noemfoor Island including Kamiri Airfield
Kornasoren  located on the northern coast of Noemfoor Island including Kornasoren Airfield (Yebrurro)
Namber  located on the western coast of Noemfoor Island including Namber Airfield
Bani Point  located on Noemfoor Island
Mios Woendi  atoll ten miles south of Biak, PT Boat base
Geelvink Bay (Cenderawasih Bay)  large bay between New Guinea and Biak Island
Padaidori Island Group  located to the southeast of Biak Island
Nusi Island  part of the Padaidori Island Group

Jayapura Regency
Hollandia (Jayapura)  located on the north coast of western New Guinea, capital of Papua Province
Cape Soeadja  located on the northern end of Humbolt Bay
Humbolt Bay (Yos Sudarso Bay)  located to the east of Hollandia
Tanahmerah Bay (Tanah Merah Bay)  located to the east of Hollandia
Sentani  located to the southwest of Hollandia north of Lake Sentani
Lake Sentani  large freshwater lake near Sentani and Hollandia
Cyclops  located to the west of Hollandia
Tami  located to the east of Humbolt Bay and Hollandia

Jayawijaya Regency
Balim  known as ''Shangri-La'' a hidden valley in Highlands

Merauke Regency
Merauke  located near the southern tip of New Guinea
Kombieti (Kombre, Kombere)  located near the southern tip of New Guinea

Mimika Regency
Timoeka (Timuka, Timika)  located on the southern coast of New Guinea
Keawkwa  located on the southern coast of New Guinea

Nabire Regency
Nabire  located on the north coast of New Guinea south of Biak Island

Puncak Jaya Regency
Carstenz Range  mountain range in central Irian Jaya

Sarmi Regency
Sarmi  located on the north coast of New Guinea
Sawar  located to the southwest of Sarmi Sawar Airfield (Sarmi Airport)
Maffin Bay  located on the north coast of New Guinea
Maffin (Maffin No. 1)  borders Maffin Bay on the north coast of New Guinea
Lone Tree Hill  located to the west of Maffin overlooking Maffin Bay, defended by the Japanese
Mondoeruaear Island  located off Sarmi and Sawar
Arara  located on the north coast of New Guinea unopposed us landing, southeast of Maffin Bay
Toem  located on the north coast of New Guinea across from Wakde Island
Wakde Island  captured by the U. S. Army and developed into Wakde Airfield
Insoemanai Island (Insoemar)  small island near Wakde Island

Supiori Regency
Supiori Island  located to the northwest of Biak
Mapia Island Group (Mapia Atoll)  located north of the equator
Pegun Island (Mapia)  located at the southern end of Mapia Island Group

Waropeni Regency
Teba  located at the mouth of the Mamberamo River on the north coast of New Guinea
Lake Rombebai  inland lake along the Mamberamo River.

Yapen Islands Regency
Yapen (Japen)  large island off the coast of New Guinea
Yapen Strait (Japen Strait)  located between Yapen (Japen) and Biak Island
Seroei (Serui)  located on the southern coast of Yapen

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Last Updated
June 27, 2017

 

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