Papua Province encompasses a portion of Western New Guinea. Prewar and during the Pacific War, this area was known as "Dutch New Guinea". Following Indonesian Independence, the area became known as Irian Jaya Province. Since 2002, Irian Jaya divided into Papua and West Papua Province (Papua Barat, West Irian Jaya). Papua Province borders Papua New Guinea (PNG) to the east and West Papua (Papua Barat, West Irian) to the west. Known in Indonesian as Provinsi Papua.
On March 5, 1942 Imperial General
Headquarters by Navy Directive No. 62 ordered Commander-in-Chief,
Combined Fleet, upon completion of the Java operation, to annihilate
the remaining enemy force in the Dutch New Guinea and to occupy
strategic points of that territory. The objectives of the occupation
were to survey the country for possible sites for air bases,
and oilfields, as well to secure a good communication and supply
line with British New Guinea. The Japanese claimed zero casualties
in their occupation of the area.
area was the site of several daring island hopping amphibious
landings by Americans, but the history of operations in this
region are less known than more "famous" battles
in Papua New Guinea. Many of the Japanese
troops in this area were isolated until the end of the war,
to starve or otherwise bypassed by Allied island hopping
and attacked from the air.
Biak Numfor Regency
Biak Numfor Regency includes Biak Island and Noemfoor Island (Numfor)
Schouten Island Group (Schouten Archipelago) located in Geelvink Bay includes Biak, Yapen, Noemfoor
Biak Island located north of New Guinea, liberated by U. S. Army developed into an airfield and base area
Bosnik (Bosnek, Soriari) located on the southern coast of Biak, initial U. S. Army landing on May 27, 1944
Japanese Cave on Biak (Goa Jepang, Gojep) natural cave located on southern Biak Island
Borokoe (Boroekoe, Borokoe) located on the southern coast of Biak includes Borokoe Airfield (Borokoe Drome)
Sorido (Sorrido, Insirom, Insrom) located on the southern coast of Biak includes Sorido Airfield
Mokmer located on the southern coast of Biak includes Mokmer Airfield (Frans Kaisiepo)
Owi Island located north of New Guinea, liberated by U. S. Army and developed into Owi Airfield
Noemfoor Island (Noemfoer Noemfor, Numfor) north of New Guinea liberated and developed into airfields
Kamiri (Kamirt, Kamiri) located on the northwest coast of Noemfoor Island including Kamiri Airfield
Kornasoren located on the northern coast of Noemfoor Island including Kornasoren Airfield (Yebrurro)
Namber located on the western coast of Noemfoor Island including Namber Airfield
Bani Point located on Noemfoor Island
Woendi atoll ten miles south of Biak, PT Boat base
Geelvink Bay (Cenderawasih Bay) large bay between New Guinea and Biak Island
Padaidori Island Group located to the southeast of Biak Island
Nusi Island part of the Padaidori Island Group
Hollandia (Jayapura) located on the north coast of western New Guinea, capital
of Papua Province
Cape Soeadja located on the northern end of Humbolt Bay
Humbolt Bay (Yos Sudarso Bay) located to the east of Hollandia
Tanahmerah Bay (Tanah Merah Bay) located to the east of Hollandia
Sentani located to the southwest of Hollandia north of Lake Sentani
Lake Sentani large freshwater lake near Sentani and Hollandia
Cyclops located to the west of Hollandia
Tami located to the east of Humbolt Bay and
Balim known as ''Shangri-La'' a hidden
valley in Highlands
Merauke located near the southern
tip of New Guinea
Kombieti (Kombre, Kombere) located near the southern
tip of New Guinea
Timoeka (Timuka, Timika) located on the southern coast of New Guinea
Keawkwa located on the southern coast of New Guinea
Nabire located on the north coast of New Guinea south of Biak Island
Puncak Jaya Regency
Carstenz Range mountain range in central Irian
Sarmi located on the north coast of New Guinea.
Sawar located to the southwest of Sarmi Sawar Airfield (Sarmi Airport).
Maffin Bay located on the north coast of New Guinea.
Maffin (Maffin No. 1) borders Maffin Bay on the north coast of New Guinea.
Lone Tree Hill located to the west of Maffin overlooking Maffin Bay, defended by the Japanese.
Mondoeruaear Island located off Sarmi and Sawar.
Arara located on the north coast of New Guinea unopposed us landing,
southeast of Maffin Bay.
Toem located on the north coast of New Guinea across from
Wakde Island captured by the U. S. Army and developed into Wakde Airfield.
Insoemanai Island (Insoemar) small island near Wakde Island.
Amisira inland village near the north coast of New Guinea.
Supiori Island located to the northwest of Biak
Mapia Island Group (Mapia Atoll) located north of the equator
Pegun Island (Mapia) located at the southern end of Mapia Island Group
Teba located at the mouth of the Mamberamo River on the north coast of New Guinea
Lake Rombebai inland lake along the Mamberamo River.
Yapen Islands Regency
Yapen (Japen) large island off the coast of New Guinea
Yapen Strait (Japen Strait) located between Yapen (Japen) and Biak Island
Seroei (Serui) located on the southern coast of Yapen
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October 17, 2018