Pearl Harbor is located on the southern coast of Oahu in roughly the center of the island. Divided into West Loch, Middle Loch, East Loch and Southeast Loch with Ford Island in the center. To the east is Hospital Point, Pearl Harbor Naval Base and Hickam Field (Hickam AFB).
Pearl Harbor was the U. S. Navy (USN) base for the
a row of moorings alongside Ford Island where the battleships were moored. The were also submarine pens, a fuel farms,
and other harbor facilities.
On December 7, 1941 a
Japanese naval force based around the carriers Akagi, Kaga, Hiryu,
Soryu, Shokaku, and the Zuikaku launched the surprise attach against Pearl Harbor and Hawaii.
Target of H8K Emily Flying Boat Attack
On the night of March 4-5, 1942, two Kawanishi H8K Emily flying
boats from the 24th Air Flotilla, based at Jaluit and Wotje bombed
Oahu's Mount Tantalus. Their intended target was Pearl Harbor,
which was covered in cloud. Instead, they dropped their bombs
on nearby Mount Tantalus causing no damage.
The harbor is still used by the US Navy. Several
museums and memorials ring the harbor, including the National Parks
and USN administered USS Arizona Memorial. Also, the retired battleship
Missouri forms the closing bookend of the Pacific war, the vessel
officially surrendered in Tokyo Harbor on September 2, 1945.
Island at the Center
of Pearl Harbor and Luke Field.
Arizona Memorial and Museum
The museum contains detailed history about
the attack, and artifacts. Included are parts of Japanese aerial
torpedo discovered impacted in the mud after the war and fragments
of attacking airplanes. It also allows visitors to cross Pearl Harbor to visit the USS Arizona memorial.
Sunk December 7, 1941
Utah BB-31 / AG-16
Sunk December 7, 1941
USS Oklahoma BB-37
Dec 7, 1941 salvaged 1943
Missouri Memorial Museum
The USS Missouri, permanently docked as a museum and memorial in Pearl Harbor. The USS Arizona and Arizona Memorial are located directly off her bow.
Permanently moored at Pearl Harbor as part of the USS M museum and memorial.
Bowfin Submarine Museum & Park
This museum is located across from the Arizona Memorial Center. The museum includes the restored USS Bowfin submarine and US Submarine Museum.
Permanently moored at Pearl Harbor as a museum
Location where the USS Nevada ran aground after being damaged
during the attack on Pearl Harbor.
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February 4, 2018