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    Taiwan (Formosa)  

Location
Taiwan Island is roughly 250 mile long is located off the eastern coast of China. Previously, known as Formosa. Borders the Bashi Channel to the the southeast.

Wartime History
During the First Sino-Japanese War, after the 1875 Kangwha Island Incident, Japan defeated the Chinese Qing Dynasty forces. Under the Treaty of Shimonoseki in 1895, Taiwan became a colony of Japan with Taihoku as the capital.

Formosans were impressed into military service or labored for the Japanese. The Takasago Giyutai (Taiwan Battalion) were Taiwanese natives who volunteered to join the Japanese Army and were known for their jungle craft and capabilities as scouts and served in New Guinea and other locations.

During the Japanese colonial era, Formosa produced sugar and rice crops that were exported to Japan. Taiwan factories refined one tenth of the aluminum used by Japan. During the war, many of the prewar sugar mills were converted to produce butanol for aviation gasoline. Formosa was developed with approximately fifty wartime airfields. Towards the end of the war, it came under air attack from Allied aircraft, but was never invaded.

Taipei (Taihoku)
Capital of Taiwan, located in northern central portion of the island.

Keelung (Jilong, Kirun, Kiirun)
Located at the northern tip of the island.

Kagi
Large town in central Formosa with rail marshaling yard.

Shoka
Town with rail yards.

Chosu
Town with rail yards, warehouses, and factories, radio station and power facilities.

Okayama
Okayama aircraft plant and airfield

Tainan
Town and military airfield located near the southeastern coast of Taiwan

Takao (Takow, Takau, Kaohsiung)
Town, harbor and airfield

Toko Airfield
Japanese airfield

Toshein Airfield
Japanese airfield

Toyohara Airfield
Japanese airfield, located in the center of the island

Koshun Airfield
Japanese emergency airfield

Matsuyama Airfield
Japanese airfield

Karenko Airfield
Japanese airfield

Shinchiku Airfield
Japanese wartime airfield

Koryu Airfield
Japanese wartime airfield

Yulin Kan Bay
Staging point for Japanese shipping from Indo-China and Hong Kong.

Kobi
Pronounced 'Kobe'

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Last Updated
August 25, 2018

 

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