Located in eastern Shandong province in eastern China. During the war, known as "Tsingtao" the German spelling.
Surveyed by the Germans during May 1897, and identified this harbor as a strategically important. Occupied by the Germans, China conceded the area the following year, as part of the Kiautschou Bay Concession. Administered the area by the Imperial Department of the Navy (Reichsmarineamt) as a base for the Navy's Far East Squadron. Starting in January 1898 based marines of III Seebataillon.
During World War I, in the 1914 the British Navy attacked and ally Japan occupied Tsingtao and the surrounding area during the Siege of Tsingtao. After the war, the Allies failed to restore Chinese rule to the area and triggered the May Fourth Movement that led to Chinese control of the city being restored during December 1922.
During the 1920s until the Sino-Japanese war, US Navy warships and submarines based in the Philippines operated from Tsingtao during the summer to patrol the Chinese coast.
During the Second Sino-Japanese War, 1938 Japanese forces occupied the city. During 1945, the city was attacked several times by American aircraft. Occupied by the Japanese until the end of the war.
American missions against Tsingtao
February 9 - 20, 1945
February 9, 1945
Chinese-American Composite Wing (CACW) fighters make a surprise strike at Tsingtao Airfield, and claim about 100 aircraft destroyed and damaged, and also destroy several nearby locomotives.
February 20, 1945
(14th AF) P-51s pound locomotives, railroad cars, and other targets of opportunity at Tsingtao.
During late 1945, Tsingtao served as the US Navy headquarters of the Western Pacific Fleet of the US Navy. On June 2, 1949 the Communist Red Army occupied the city. Today, bases the Chinese Navy Northern Fleet.
Wartime airfield used by the Japanese
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September 1, 2018